Search for dissertations about: "Gastro-enterology"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 25 swedish dissertations containing the word Gastro-enterology.

  1. 1. Acute Liver Injury and the Gut. Role of Nitric Oxide, and the Effect of Arginine and Probiotic Administration

    University dissertation from Department of Surgery, Malmö University Hospital, Lund University

    Author : Diya Adawi; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [1998]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; traumatologi; Gastro-enterology; ortopedi; Kirurgi; Lactobacilli; Bacterial translocation; D-galactosamine; Intestinal mucosal changes; Luminal factors; Microflora; Surgery; orthopaedics; traumatology; Gastroenterologi;

    Abstract : Infectious complications with enteric bacteria are common in liver diseases and liver surgery. An increased bacterial translocation from the gut has been proposed as one underlying mechanism. READ MORE

  2. 2. Physiological and pathophysiological regulation of ECL-cell activity

    University dissertation from Institute of Experimental Medical Sciences

    Author : Maria Bernsand; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2006]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; toxicology; pharmacy; Pharmacological sciences; pharmacognosy; Gastroenterologi; endothelin; gastrin; ischemia-reperfusion; Physiology; Fysiologi; Gastro-enterology; pancreastatin; histamine; microdialysis; ECL-cell; stomach; Farmakologi; farmakognosi; farmaci; toxikologi;

    Abstract : The ECL cells are endocrine/paracrine cells located in the acid-producing part of the stomach. They produce and secrete histamine and chromogranin A-derived peptides in response to circulating gastrin. Mobilized histamine stimulates acid secretion from adjascent parietal cells. READ MORE

  3. 3. Introducing a Clinically Applicable Ultrasound Method for the Study of Gastric Emptying in Health and Disease. A Study in Healthy Subjects and Patients with Diabetes Mellitus

    University dissertation from Gassan Darwiche, Department of Internal Medicine, Malmö University Hospital, 205 02 Malmö, Sweden

    Author : Gassan Darwiche; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2003]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Gastric emptying; Ultrasound; Diabetes mellitus; Autonomic nervous function; Dietary fibre; Glycaemic index; Sodium propionate; Organic acids.; Gastroenterologi; Gastro-enterology; Scintigraphy;

    Abstract : Abnormal gastric motor function, a frequent complication among the increasing diabetic population of the world, also includes other patient groups such as those many patients with functional dyspepsia. These facts stress the need for a reliable, safe, cost-effective, and simple technique for measuring gastric emptying. READ MORE

  4. 4. Intestinal Bypass and Total Parenteral Nutrition: Changes in Gut Function and Morphology

    University dissertation from Department of Surgery, Clinical Sciences Lund, Lund University

    Author : Mikael Ekelund; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2006]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Kirurgi; traumatology; ortopedi; traumatologi; orthopaedics; Surgery; Gastroenterologi; Gastro-enterology; Fysiologi; Physiology; total parenteral nutrition; supersensitivity; plasticity; intestinal bypass; interstitial cells of Cajal; goblet cells; eosinophils; adaptation; enteric nervous system;

    Abstract : Abolition of enteral nutrition is sometimes required in severe illness. The primary aim of the present work has been to elucidate possible changes in intestinal morphology and motor function in absence of enteral nutrition. Total absence of enteral nutrition in an isolated intestinal segment was created by bypassing the distal ileum in a rat model. READ MORE

  5. 5. Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (PiZ): Clinical studies with special regard to hepatic and vasculitic disorders

    University dissertation from Department of Medicine, Lund University

    Author : Abdul-Nasser Elzouki; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [1998]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; systemic vasculitis; Gastro-enterology; small-vessel vasculitis; serpins; genetic hemochromatosis; chronic hepatitis C; chronic liver disease; Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency; alpha-1-antichymotrypsin deficiency; Gastroenterologi; Urology; nephrology; Urologi; nefrologi;

    Abstract : Homozygous alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT)deficiency (PiZZ) is known to predispose to emphysema and chronic liver disease (CLD). The overall aim of the studies upon which this thesis is based was to investigate extra-pulmonary disease manifestations of AAT deficiency with special reference to hepatic and vasculitic disorders. READ MORE