Search for dissertations about: "MEDICINE Microbiology"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 670 swedish dissertations containing the words MEDICINE Microbiology.

  1. 1. Interplay of human macrophages and Mycobacterium tuberculosis phenotypes

    University dissertation from Linköping University Electronic Press

    Author : Johanna Raffetseder; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; [2016]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; tuberculosis; macrophage; innate immunity; host-pathogen interaction; antibiotic tolerance; phagosomal maturation; bacterial phenotype; dormancy; persistence; virulence factor; ESAT-6; ESX-1;

    Abstract : Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is the pathogen causing tuberculosis (TB), a disease most often affecting the lung. 1.5 million people die annually due to TB, mainly in low-income countries. READ MORE

  2. 2. Molecular epidemiology of coagulase-negative staphylococci in hospitals and in the community

    University dissertation from Umeå : Umeå university

    Author : Micael Widerström; Umeå universitet.; Umeå universitet.; [2010]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; staphylococcus epidermidis; staphylococcus saprophyticus; electrophoresis; gel; pulsed-field; genetic diversity; methicillin-resistance; UTI; drug resistance; multiple; bacterial; epidemiology; molecular; cross infection; molecular sequence data; MEDICINE Microbiology; immunology; infectious diseases Microbiology Medical microbiology; MEDICIN Mikrobiologi; immunologi; infektionssjukdomar Mikrobiologi Medicinsk mikrobiologi; MEDICINE Microbiology; immunology; infectious diseases Microbiology Clinical bacteriology; MEDICIN Mikrobiologi; immunologi; infektionssjukdomar Mikrobiologi Klinisk bakteriologi; MEDICINE Microbiology; immunology; infectious diseases Infectious diseases; MEDICIN Mikrobiologi; immunologi; infektionssjukdomar Infektionssjukdomar; klinisk bakteriologi; Clinical Bacteriology; mikrobiologi; Microbiology; Infectious Diseases; infektionssjukdomar;

    Abstract : BackgroundCoagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) and in particular Staphylococcus epidermidis have emerged as major pathogens primarily causing nosocomial infections in patients with indwelling medical devices. These infections are often caused by multidrug-resistant strains of S. epidermidis (MDRSE). READ MORE

  3. 3. Epidemiological and Bacteriological Aspects of Spotted Fever Rickettsioses in Humans, Vectors and Mammals in Sweden

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Karin Elfving; Uppsala universitet.; [2013]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Rickettsia helvetica; ticks; cultivation; serology; polymerase chain reaction PCR ; DNA sequencing; western blot; electron microscopy; meningitis; seroprevalence;

    Abstract : Rickettsiae are obligate intracellular gram-negative bacteria transmitted by arthropod vectors. Rickettsiae sometimes cause disease in humans, typically with high fever, headache and occasionally an eschar.In Sweden, Rickettsia helvetica, belonging to the spotted fever group, is the only tick-transmitted rickettsia found free in nature. READ MORE

  4. 4. Evolutionary Dynamics of Mutation and Gene Transfer in Bacteria

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Peter A Lind; Uppsala universitet.; [2010]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; fitness cost; bacterial evolution; gene amplification; mutational biases; GC content; synonymous substitutions; horizontal gene transfer; experimental evolution; MEDICINE Microbiology; immunology; infectious diseases Microbiology Bacteriology; MEDICIN Mikrobiologi; immunologi; infektionssjukdomar Mikrobiologi Bakteriologi; NATURAL SCIENCES Biology Organism biology Microbiology; NATURVETENSKAP Biologi Organismbiologi Mikrobiologi; NATURAL SCIENCES Biology Cell and molecular biology Genetics; NATURVETENSKAP Biologi Cell- och molekylärbiologi Genetik; NATURAL SCIENCES Biology; NATURVETENSKAP Biologi; Mikrobiologi; Microbiology;

    Abstract : The study of bacterial evolution is fundamental for addressing current problems of antibiotic resistance and emerging infectious diseases and lays a solid foundation for successful and rational design in biotechnology and synthetic biology. The main aim of this thesis is to test evolutionary hypotheses, largely based on theoretical considerations and sequence analysis, by designing scenarios in a laboratory setting to obtain experimental data. READ MORE

  5. 5. Characterization and persistence of potential human pathogenic vibrios in aquatic environments

    University dissertation from Kristianstad : Kristianstad University

    Author : Betty Collin; Högskolan Kristianstad.; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2012]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Vibrio cholerae; Vibrio parahaemolyticus; Mozambique; Sweden; molluscs; occurrence; persistence; sediment; TCBS; PCR; PhP; antibiotic resistance; microbiology; Vibrio spp.; Mytilus edulis;

    Abstract : Vibrio spp., natural inhabitants of aquatic environments, are one of the most common causes of bacterial gastroenteritis in the world, being spread to humans via the ingestion of seafood, contaminated drinking water or exposure to seawater. The majority of Vibrio spp. are avirulent, but certain strains may sporadically be human pathogenic. READ MORE