Search for dissertations about: "antibiotic use"

Showing result 16 - 20 of 128 swedish dissertations containing the words antibiotic use.

  1. 16. Antibiotic resistance and antibiotic consumption with focus on Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medicine

    Author : Anna Farra; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2007]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : Aims: The general aims of the present studies were to assess the levels of antibiotic resistance, in relation to antibiotic consumption at the Karolinska University Hospital, Solna (KS) and at 11 other Swedish hospitals, furthermore to assess the role of the membrane protein OprD and penicillin-binding proteins in Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistance to imipenem. Methods: Resistance figures were retrieved from the microbiology service databases for the period 1989-99, at the 12 above mentioned hospitals, including their intensive care units (ICU). READ MORE

  2. 17. Antibiotic use and resistance : Assessing and improving utilisation and provision of antibiotics and other drugs in Vietnam

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences

    Author : Mattias Larsson; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2003]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Antibiotic use; antibiotic resistance; private pharmacies; case management; knowledge; practice; interventions; enforcement of regulation; education; peer influence;

    Abstract : Background: In Vietnam there were shortages of drugs until the end of the 1980's. In 1986 the "Doi Moi" economic reforms towards market economy were initiated. An expanding private health care sector emerged and the per capita drug consumption has increased dramatically. READ MORE

  3. 18. High antibiotic use and resistance among children under five : Acute respiratory infections: knowledge and behaviour of caregivers and healthcare providers in Vietnam

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences

    Author : Hoa Nguyen Quynh; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2010]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Acute respiratory infections; antibiotic use; antibiotic resistance; children; caregiver; healthcare provider; Vietnam;

    Abstract : Background: Increased bacterial resistance is threatening the therapeutic effectiveness of antibiotics. High level of antibiotic use is probably the main factor driving the emergence of resistance. READ MORE

  4. 19. Bacteremia after oral surgical procedures and antibiotic prophylaxis

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, -

    Author : Gunnar Hall; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [1998]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : The use of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients predisposed to infective endocarditis who are undergoing oral surgical procedures is widely accepted. Because no controlled clinical trials of antibiotic regimens for the prevention of endocarditis in humans have been done, recommendations are based on results of, e.g. READ MORE

  5. 20. Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic modeling and prediction of antibiotic effects

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : David D. Khan; Uppsala universitet.; [2016]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmacometrics; Pharmacokinetics; Pharmacodynamics; PKPD modeling; ciprofloxacin; colistin; E. coli; antibiotics; time-kill experiments; Farmaceutisk vetenskap; Pharmaceutical Science;

    Abstract : Problems of emerging antibiotic resistance are becoming a serious threat worldwide, and at the same time, the interest to develop new antimicrobials has declined. There is consequently a need for efficient methods to develop new treatments that minimize the risk of resistance development and that are effective on infections caused by resistant strains. READ MORE