Search for dissertations about: "antiretroviral treatment"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 68 swedish dissertations containing the words antiretroviral treatment.

  1. 1. Antiretroviral treatment of HIV-1 in the central nervous system

    Author : Aylin Yilmaz; Göteborgs universitet.; University of Gothenburg.; [2007]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN; MEDICINE; HIV-1; cerebrospinal fluid; antiretroviral treatment; lopinavir; saquinavir; nelfinavir; neopterin; beta-2-microglobulin; HIV-1 RNA; IgG index; blood-brain barrier; albumin ratio; ultra-ultra sensitive PCR;

    Abstract : HIV-1 invades the central nervous system (CNS) early in the infectious course. It establishes a chronic progressive infection, and triggers an intrathecal immune response. If left untreated, a majority of patients will develop neurological complications, caused by opportunistic pathogens or HIV-1 itself. READ MORE

  2. 2. Adherence and Readiness to Antiretroviral Treatment

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Björn Södergård; Uppsala universitet.; [2006]
    Keywords : Community pharmacy services; Adherence; Readiness; HIV; Pharmacy; Samhällsfarmaci;

    Abstract : Antiretroviral therapy places extraordinarily high demands on adherence, since non-adherence affects both individuals and society due to the spread of resistant viral strains. The aims of the thesis were to investigate the prevalence of adherence in Swedish HIV-infected patients, changes in adherence over time, and factors associated with adherence, including patients’ readiness to adhere. READ MORE

  3. 3. HIV-1 infection of the central nervous system. Markers of pathogenesis and antiretroviral treatment effects

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Sahra Abdulle; Göteborgs universitet.; University of Gothenburg.; [2006]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN; MEDICINE; HIV-1; cerebrospinal fluid; antiretroviral therapy; neopterin; beta2-microglobulin; CSF HIV-1 RNA; blood-brain barrier; IgG index; HIV-related neurological diseases; AIDS Dementia Complex; neurofilament protein; HIV-1 genetic subtypes;

    Abstract : Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) invades the central nervous system (CNS) early in the course of infection and either directly or through opportunistic infections causes a spectrum of neurological complications. The most severe manifestation of HIV-1 CNS infection is AIDS Dementia Complex (ADC), which occurs in approximately 20% of untreated patients with AIDS. READ MORE

  4. 4. Uptake, adherence and discontinuation of antiretroviral treatment in the Kibera slum, Nairobi, Kenya

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences

    Author : Christian Unge; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2010]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Africa; slum; uptake; adherence; drop-out; HIV; ART; traditional medicine; religion;

    Abstract : Background: As antiretroviral treatment (ART) is being scaled-up, long-term success depends on high adherence to ART and retention in care. Rapid urbanization and growing slum populations present specific challenges for sustaining HIV-infected patients on ART. READ MORE

  5. 5. Lost in Transition: Pre-antiretroviral Care and Delayed Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy in Uganda

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Dept of Public Health Sciences

    Author : Muhamadi Lubega; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2011]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; counselling;

    Abstract : Background: Comprehensive HIV care aims at providing care and support, from HIV counselling and testing, through pre-antiretroviral (pre-ARV) care to antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, many people living with HIV (PLHIV) do not start treatment or are lost to follow-up during pre-ARV care, and subsequently initiate ART very late, with a high risk of HIV/AIDS-related mortality. READ MORE