Search for dissertations about: "drug abuse"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 69 swedish dissertations containing the words drug abuse.

  1. 1. Use and misuse of sedative drugs and related substances - Findings in the general population and in individuals with opioid dependence

    University dissertation from Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University

    Author : Tove Abrahamsson; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2016]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Sedatives; Substance use; Anxiolytics; Hypnotics; Prescription drug miuse; Benzodiazepines; Z-drugs; Pregabalin; Self-assessed health; Quality of life; Opioid dependence; Opiate maintenance treatment; Mortality;

    Abstract : Background: Prescription sedatives are efficient in the treatment of anxiety and sleeping disorders, but are associated with a risk of misuse and dependence, as well as an increased risk of accidents, injuries and overdoses, both in the general population and especially in individuals with other substance misuse. The present thesis aims to investigate prescription sedative use and misuse in two kinds of samples - in the general population, with focus on its association with subjective health and quality life, and in the subpopulation of individuals with opioid dependence, with focus on treatment outcome in opioid maintenance treatment and mortality. READ MORE

  2. 2. Brain glycine receptors as a common target for alcohol and the relapse-preventing drug acamprosate - a preclinical study

    University dissertation from University of Gothenburg

    Author : Pei Pei Chau; Göteborgs universitet.; University of Gothenburg.; [2011]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Fysiologi och farmakologi; Physiology and pharmacology; Farmakologisk forskning; Pharmacological research; Psykiatri; Psychiatry; Beroendelära; Addiction medicine; Alcoholism; Acamprosate; Glycine receptor; Preclinical study; Dopamine; Ethanol;

    Abstract : Alcohol abuse and dependence make up the most prevalent categories of substance use disorders in the world. Converging evidence from the current research group has identified two receptor populations, the glycine (GlyRs) and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in the mesolimbic dopamine system, as two potentially important targets for the development of new medication to treat alcohol dependence. READ MORE

  3. 3. Att förstå drogmissbruk. Praktiken, situationen, processen

    University dissertation from Arkiv

    Author : Berit Andersson; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [1991]
    Keywords : SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; context; life history; drug abuse; sociologi; multidimensional theory; sociology; process; practice;

    Abstract : While the purpuse of the study is to understand drug abuse through experiences told by individuals in life history interviews, the analyses moves beyond the level of descriptive life history. The interview material is interpreted within a theoretical framework, where the multidimensional character of drug abuse is considered. READ MORE

  4. 4. Psychoanalytic Conceptions of the Mind in Drug Abusers: Methods Exploring Personality Disorders, Traits, and Defense Mechanisms

    University dissertation from Institutionen för psykologi, Lunds universitet

    Author : Kristian Aleman; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2007]
    Keywords : SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Drug abuse; PD; psychosis; Psychology; Psykologi; DSM-III-R; psychoanalysis; KAPP; ASPD; DMTm;

    Abstract : The purpose of the present thesis was to explore the theoretical and clinical implications of personality disorders (PDs), personality traits, and defense mechanisms in drug abusers diagnosed with psychosis and PDs. The prospect was, via four empirical studies and one paper of discussing methodology, to increase the psychodynamic understanding, which might improve the precision in planning treatments for drug abusers. READ MORE

  5. 5. Enhancing Health Among Drug Users in Prison

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Psykologiska institutionen

    Author : Anne H Berman; Stockholms universitet.; [2004]
    Keywords : SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; drug use; prison; screening; auricular acupuncture; cognitive-behavioral treatment; psychiatric co-morbidity; existential issues; health; risk management; SOCIAL SCIENCES Social sciences Psychology; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP Socialvetenskap Psykologi;

    Abstract : Four interrelated studies on drug users in prison are presented within the framework of a proposed model for approaching the enhancement of health for persons that builds on an existential view of prisoners’ needs, as well as the risk management and “good lives” perspectives. Risk management is the major focus in current offender rehabilitation based on research on “what works,” which has shown that focusing treatment on risk factors termed “criminogenic needs,” such as impulsivity, poor family relations and drug abuse, reduces recidivism by 10-15 percentage points. READ MORE