Search for dissertations about: "renal replacement therapy"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 7 swedish dissertations containing the words renal replacement therapy.

  1. 1. Renal function after transplantation of the liver and intestine

    Author : Gustaf Herlenius; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2010]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; adult liver transplantation; pediatric liver transplantation; intestinal transplantation; multivisceral transplantation; immunosuppression; calcineurin inhibitors; glomerular filtration rate; renal function; nephrotoxicity; chronic kidney disease; renal replacement therapy; mortality;

    Abstract : Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) after liver (LT) or intestinal (IT) transplantation may decrease patient survival. Calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) play a major role in its development. Aims: Describe long term renal function and risk factors for developing CKD in adults and children after LT and IT. READ MORE

  2. 2. Epidemiological Aspects of Renal Impairment in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

    Author : Henri Afghahi; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2016]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Type 2 diabetes; Renal impairment; Albuminuria; Risk factors; Blood pressure; Cardiovascular disease;

    Abstract : Diabetes is a leading cause of renal impairment (RI) and indication of the need for renal replacement therapy in many parts of the world. Albuminuria and RI are the two main forms of diabetic kidney disease. READ MORE

  3. 3. Persistent hyperparathyroidism in renal transplant patients

    University dissertation from Department of Nephrology, Lund University

    Author : Shahriar Akaberi; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2013]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Kideny transplantation; parathyroidectomy; bone mineral density; DXA; fracture; new onset diabetes after transplantation;

    Abstract : Abstract Disorders in mineral metabolism and secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) are well known complications in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Hyperparathyroidism (HPT) persists in a majority of patients after kidney transplantation (KTx). READ MORE

  4. 4. Aspects of Regulation of GFR and Tubular Function in the Diabetic Kidney Roles of Adenosine, Nitric Oxide and Oxidative Stress

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Patrik Persson; Uppsala universitet.; [2013]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; diabetes; diabetic nephropathy; glomerular filtration rate; renal blood flow; insulin; renal hemodynamics; micropuncture; oxygen; NADPH-oxidase; apocynin; streptozotocin; l-arginine; CGS21680; rats; mice; Fysiologi; Physiology; Medicinsk vetenskap; Medical Science;

    Abstract : Diabetic nephropathy is the main cause for initiation of renal replacement therapy and early symptoms in patients include increased glomerular filtration rate (GFR), decreased oxygen tension and albuminuria, followed by a progressive decline in GFR and loss of kidney function. Experimental models of diabetes display increased GFR, decreased tissue oxygenation and nitric oxide bioavailability. READ MORE

  5. 5. Optimization of Colistin Dosage in the Treatment of Multiresistant Gram-negative Infections

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Matti Karvanen; Uppsala universitet.; [2013]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Colistin; CMS; Pharmacology; Pharmacokinetics; PKPD; Antibiotics; Combination therapy; Pharmacometrics; Dosing regimens; Antibiotic resistance; Infektionssjukdomar; Infectious Diseases;

    Abstract : As multidrug resistance in Gram-negative bacilli increases, the old antibiotic colistin has rapidly gained attention as one of few last line treatment options in the form of colistin methanesulfonate (CMS), which is hydrolyzed to colistin both in vitro and in vivo. There is a dearth of knowledge on fundamental aspects of colistin, including pharmacokinetics and optimal dosing regimens. READ MORE