Search for dissertations about: "swine"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 42 swedish dissertations containing the word swine.

  1. 1. On intestinal ischaemia after aortoiliac surgery : Epidemiological, clinical and experimental studies

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Martin Björck; Uppsala universitet.; [1998]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; Ischaemia; intestines; colon; ischaemic colitis; aorta-abdominal; aortic aneurysm-abdominal; aortic rupture; atherosclerosis; postoperative complications; cohort studies; case-control studies; clinical protocols; experimental design; incidence; risk factors; diagnosis; treatment outcome; intra-mucosal pH; pHi; swine; splanchnic circulation; haemodynamics; dobutamine; Kirurgi; MEDICINE Surgery; MEDICIN Kirurgi; Surgery; kirurgi;

    Abstract : An important cause of death among patients undergoing surgery of the abdominal aorta is intestinal ischaemia. In the Swedish Vascular Registry 2930 aortoiliac operations were identified. The complication was studied in a combined cohort and case-control study, and multivariate analysis performed. The incidence of intestinal ischaemia was 2. READ MORE

  2. 2. Intestinal effects of lung recruitment maneuvers

    University dissertation from Umeå : Kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap

    Author : Jonas Claesson; Umeå universitet.; [2007]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; acute lung injury; oleic acid lung injury; ischemia; reperfusion injury; swine; mechanical ventilation; lung recruitment; splanchnic circulation; laser Doppler flowmetry; tissue oxygen tension; microdialysis; lactate; glycerol; MEDICINE Surgery Anaesthetics and intensive care; MEDICIN Kirurgi Anestesiologi och intensivvård; lungmedicin; Lung Medicine;

    Abstract : Background and aims: Lung recruitment maneuvers (brief episodes of high airway pressure) are a modern treatment alternative to achieve open lung conditions under mechanical ventilation of patients with acute lung injury. It is well known that positive pressure ventilation with high airway pressures cause negative circulatory effects, and that the effects on regional vascular beds can be even more pronounced than the systemic effects. READ MORE

  3. 3. Lung Transplantation: Clinical and experimental studies

    University dissertation from Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Lund University

    Author : Leif Eriksson; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [1998]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Respiratory system; Follow up Studies; Vascular Resistance; Intensive Care; Induced; Hypothermia; Swine; Extracorporeal Circulation; Lung Transplantation; Organ Preservation; Andningsorganen; Immunology; serology; transplantation; Immunologi; serologi;

    Abstract : Popular Abstract in Swedish Transplantation av lungor är ett relativt nytt behandlingsalternativ vid svår lung-sjukdom. Den första lungtransplantationen på människa gjordes 1963. Patienten dog efter 18 dagar i njursvikt. Mellan 1963 och 1980 gjordes ca 40 lungtransplantationer i världen med nedslående resultat. READ MORE

  4. 4. Olfactory Transfer of Analgesic Drugs After Nasal Administration

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Ulrika Espefält Westin; Uppsala universitet.; [2007]
    Keywords : Pharmaceutics; Nasal administration; Olfactory transfer; Olfactory pathways; Central nervous system; Blood-brain barrier; Nasal respiratory mucosa; Olfactory mucosa; Olfactory bulb; Horizontal Ussing chamber; Morphine; Dihydroergotamine; Rat; Mouse; Swine; Autoradiography; Viability; Powder formulations; Galenisk farmaci;

    Abstract : Nasal administration of analgesics for achieving rapid pain relief is currently a topic of great interest. The blood-brain barrier (BBB) restricts access to the central nervous system (CNS) for several central-acting drugs, such as morphine and dihydroergotamine, which results in a substantial effect delay. READ MORE

  5. 5. Models for the Transfer of Drugs from the Nasal Cavity to the Central Nervous System

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Björn Jansson; Uppsala universitet.; [2004]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Biopharmacy; Administration; intranasal; Nasal mucosa; Central nervous system; Olfactory bulb; Rat; Mouse; Swine; Cattle; Diffusion chambers; culture; In vitro; Biological models; Biological transport; Dextrans; Dopamine; Gels; Polysaccharides; Autoradiography; Fluorescence microscopy; Biofarmaci; PHARMACY Biopharmacy; FARMACI Biofarmaci;

    Abstract : The blood-brain barrier restricts the access of many compounds, including therapeutic agents, to the brain. Several human studies indicate that nasal administration of hydrophilic compounds, such as peptides, can bypass the blood-brain barrier. The aims of this thesis were to develop and refine models for this direct nose-to-brain transfer. READ MORE