Search for dissertations about: "[Ca2 ]i"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 271 swedish dissertations containing the words [Ca2 ]i.

  1. 1. Oscillatory Ca2+ signaling in glucose-stimulated murine pancreatic β-cells : Modulation by amino acids, glucagon, caffeine and ryanodine

    Author : Meftun Ahmed; Per Lindström; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cell biology; pancreatic β-cells; islets of Langerhans; glucose; Ca2 oscillations; Ca2 transients; potassium; ryanodine; caffeine; glucagon; cAMP; inositol 1; 4; 5-trisphosphate; fura-2; glycine; alanine; arginine; Ca2 channels; rats; lean mice; ob ob mice; leptin; Cellbiologi; Cell biology; Cellbiologi; medicinsk cellbiologi; Medical Cell Biology;

    Abstract : Oscillations in cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) is the key signal in glucose-stimulated β-cells governing pulsatile insulin release. The glucose response of mouse β-cells is often manifested as slow oscillations and rapid transients of [Ca2+] i. READ MORE

  2. 2. Effects of Ca2+, microRNAs, and rosuvastatin on insulin-secreting beta cell function

    Author : Vishal Ashok Salunkhe; Diabetes - öcellsexocytos; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Type 2 diabetes; exocytosis; Ca2 ; miR-375; miR-335; rosuvastatin; voltage-gated Na channels; STXBP1; SNAP25; SYT11; glucose homeostasis; beta cell function;

    Abstract : Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a condition of high blood glucose levels due to insulin resistance and defective insulin secretion. Impaired insulin secretion plays a major role in the pathophysiology of T2D, it is mainly attributed to beta cell function i.e. failure to secrete insulin or reduced beta cell mass. READ MORE

  3. 3. Roles of the Transient Receptor Potential Channels and the Intracellular Ca2+ Channels in Ca2+ Signaling in the beta-cells

    Author : Amanda Jabin Fågelskiöld; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Ca2 signaling;

    Abstract : Previous studies from our group reported that pancreatic β-cells express ryanodine receptors (RyRs) that can mediate Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR). The full consequences of the activation of RyRs on Ca2+ signaling in these cells, however, remained unclear. READ MORE

  4. 4. Regulation of Phospholipase C and Plasma Membrane Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate in Insulin-Secreting Cells

    Author : Sophia Thore; Anders Tengholm; Erik Gylfe; Peter Jones; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Cell biology; PLC; PIP2; insulin-secreting cell; Ca2 ; evanescent wave microscopy; phosphoinositide kinase; ATP ADP ratio; Cellbiologi; Cell biology; Cellbiologi;

    Abstract : The membrane phospholipid phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) is an important signaling molecule as substrate for the phospholipase C (PLC)-catalyzed formation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol, and by directly regulating e.g. ion-channels, the cytoskeleton and vesicle trafficking in various types of cells. READ MORE

  5. 5. Oscillatory Signaling and Insulin Secretion from Single ß-cells

    Author : Olof Idevall Hagren; Anders Tengholm; Erik Gylfe; Leslie Satin; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cAMP; Ca2 ; oscillations; beta-cell; insulin secretion; evanescent wave microscopy; PIP3; PKA; Epac; Medical cell biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi; Medical Cell Biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Abstract : cAMP and Ca2+ are key regulators of exocytosis in many cells, including insulin-secreting pancreatic β-cells. Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion from β-cells is pulsatile and driven by oscillations of the cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), but little is known about the kinetics of cAMP signaling and the mechanisms of cAMP action. READ MORE