Search for dissertations about: "Antibiotic consumption"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 29 swedish dissertations containing the words Antibiotic consumption.

  1. 1. Extended-Spectrum ß-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae Antibiotic consumption, Detection and Resistance Epidemiology

    University dissertation from Linköping : Linköping University Electronic Press

    Author : Åse Östholm Balkhed; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; Östergötlands Läns Landsting.; [2014]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Extended-Spectrum ß-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae; Antibiotic consumption; Detection Methods; Multiplex PCR; Resistance Epidemiology; Multi-resistance; E. coli; ESBL; fecal carriage; faecal carriage; travel;

    Abstract : ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae are emerging worldwide and they are frequently multi-drug resistant, thus limiting treatment options for infections caused by these pathogens.The overall aim of the thesis was to investigate ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in a Swedish county. READ MORE

  2. 2. Surveillance of Antibiotic Consumption and Antibiotic Resistance in Swedish Intensive Care Units

    University dissertation from Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin

    Author : Marcus Erlandsson; Håkan Hanberger; Nils Smith-Erichsen; [2007]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Bacterial Antibiotic resistance; Antibiotic Consumption; ICU; Surveillance programme; Multi drug resistance; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; ICU demography; MEDICINE Microbiology; immunology; infectious diseases Infectious diseases; MEDICIN Mikrobiologi; immunologi; infektionssjukdomar Infektionssjukdomar;

    Abstract : Introduction: Nosocomial infections remain a major cause of mortality and morbidity. The problem is most apparent in intensive care units (ICUs). Most ICU patients are compromised and vulnerable as a result of disease or severe trauma. One in ten people admitted to hospital is given an antibiotic for infection. READ MORE

  3. 3. Clostridium difficile : epidemiology and antibiotic resistance

    University dissertation from Örebro : Örebro universitetsbibliotek

    Author : Torbjörn Norén; Örebro universitet.; [2006]
    Keywords : LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Clostridium difficile; antibiotic resistance; epidemiology; VETERINARY MEDICINE Medicine; VETERINÄRMEDICIN Medicin; Medicin; Medicine;

    Abstract : Clostridium difficile is a spore-forming toxin-producing intestinal bacterium abundant in soils and waters. This pathogen relies on increased growth by a disturbed intestinal microflora and the production of two cytotoxins, toxin A and toxin B, which may cause anything from mild self-limiting C. READ MORE

  4. 4. Antibiotic resistance and antibiotic consumption with focus on Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medicine

    Author : Anna Farra; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2007]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : Aims: The general aims of the present studies were to assess the levels of antibiotic resistance, in relation to antibiotic consumption at the Karolinska University Hospital, Solna (KS) and at 11 other Swedish hospitals, furthermore to assess the role of the membrane protein OprD and penicillin-binding proteins in Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistance to imipenem. Methods: Resistance figures were retrieved from the microbiology service databases for the period 1989-99, at the 12 above mentioned hospitals, including their intensive care units (ICU). READ MORE

  5. 5. Antibiotic prescribing: focusing on the situation in Swedish nursing homes

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Dept of Public Health Sciences

    Author : Eva Pettersson; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2011]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; antibiotic prescribing;

    Abstract : Background The increasing rate of resistance to antibiotics has become a global concern. High consumption and irrational use of antibiotics is contributing to this development. READ MORE