Search for dissertations about: "Antipsychotics effect"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 17 swedish dissertations containing the words Antipsychotics effect.

  1. 1. Effects of antipsychotics on GABA neurons in the basal ganglia of the rat

    Author : Jiang Yu; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neurosciences; antipsychotics; γ-aminobutyric acid; glutamic acid decarboxylase; basal ganglia; entopeduncular nucleus; vacuous chewing movements; Neurovetenskap; Neurology; Neurologi; Psychiatry; psykiatri;

    Abstract : Antipsychotics are used in the treatment of psychosis and, based on their propensities to induce extrapyramidal side effects (EPS), are divided into typical (haloperidol) and atypical (clozapine) subtypes. The incidence of EPS, arises from an imbalance in the neurotransmission between two majorGABAergic pathways of the basal ganglia that connect the striatum directly to the entopeduncular nucleus (EP) and the substantia nigra reticulata or indirectly via the globus pallidus and the subthalamic nucleus. READ MORE

  2. 2. PET applications in schizophrenia : Functional and pharmacological dopamine studies

    Author : Ola Gefvert; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neurosciences; Schizophrenia; PET; dopamine synthesis rate; dopamine D2 receptor occupancy; atypical antipsychotics; quetiapine; risperidone microsphere depot; Neurovetenskap; Neurology; Neurologi; Psychiatry; psykiatri;

    Abstract : Schizophrenia is a group of disorders with a worldwide lifetime prevalence of 0.85%. Thefunctional outcome of the disorder seem stable from the first systematic outcome studies to thepresent day, and vary only with changes in diagnostic criteria. READ MORE

  3. 3. Influence of antipsychotic drugs on hormone levels

    Author : Kristina Melkersson; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; antipsychotic agents; prolactin; growth hormone; insulin-like growth factor 1; insulin; leptin; lipids; side effects; weight gain; metabolic syndrome;

    Abstract : The aim of the studies summarized in this thesis was to investigate the influence of antipsychotic drugs on hormone levels, in order to identify causes of hormonally related side effects of these drugs. The effect of antipsychotics on the prolactin (PRL) secretion, the growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) axis and the glucose-insulin homeostasis was studied. READ MORE

  4. 4. Adverse drug effects on glucose and lipid metabolism: is human adipose tissue of importance?

    Author : Assel Sarsenbayeva; Jan Eriksson; Mikael Rydén; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; human adipose tissue; metabolic adverse effects; SGAs; statins; glucocorticoids; glucose uptake; lipolysis; myofibroblasts; fibrosis; Endocrinology and Diabetology; Endokrinologi och Diabetologi;

    Abstract : Many pharmacological agents that are widely prescribed in clinical practice have adverse metabolic effects, such as hyperglycaemia, insulin resistance, and diabetes. Among such drugs are antipsychotics, prescribed for treatment of schizophrenia; statins, which inhibit cholesterol synthesis and prevent cardiovascular events; finally, potent anti-inflammatory agents, glucocorticoids. READ MORE

  5. 5. Regulation of signal transduction in the striatum by typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs

    Author : Kerstin Håkansson; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Adenosine A2A receptor; basal ganglia; cAMP-dependent protein kinase; clozapine; DARPP-32; dopamine D 2 receptor; extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases 1 and 2; extrapyramidal side effects; glutamate AMPA receptor; haloperidol; knockout mouse; phosphorylation; schizophrenia; tyrosine hydroxylase.;

    Abstract : The only effective therapy for schizophrenia is based on the use of antipsychotic drugs. These substances act as dopamine D 2 receptor antagonists and can be classified as typical or atypical. Typical antipsychotics, e.g. READ MORE