Search for dissertations about: "Apatite"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 67 swedish dissertations containing the word Apatite.

  1. 1. Influence of solid solutions on the properties of some apatite-type calcium salts relevant to the production of phosphate and silicate cements

    Author : Simon Jegou Saint-Jean; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Materiallära; materialteknik; Chemical technology and engineering; Kemiteknik och kemisk teknologi; Material technology; isothermal calorimetry.; Rietveld method; X-ray diffraction; silicon; strontium; Portland cement; calcium phosphate cement; chlorellestadite; Solid solutions; apatite;

    Abstract : The effects of non-stoichiometry and isomorphic substitutions on the properties of some apatite-type compounds were investigated. These investigations were performed both in the fields of Portland cement chemistry and apatitic calcium phosphate-based biocements. READ MORE

  2. 2. Calcium Phosphate Based Biomaterials for Bone Augmentation

    Author : Jun Luo; Cecilia Persson; Håkan Engqvist; Marc Bohner; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; bone substitute materials; calcium phosphate cements; apatite; brushite; monetite; setting mechanism; premixed; fibre reinforcement; composite; silk fibroin; mechanical properties; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot materialvetenskap; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science;

    Abstract : Basic (apatite-based) calcium phosphate cements (CPCs), and acidic (brushite and monetite-based) CPCs are used as bone replacement materials because of their bioactivity, mouldability and ability to harden in place. However, their application is limited by their inherent brittleness and difficulties related to their handling. READ MORE

  3. 3. Solubility and Surface Complexation Studies of Apatites

    Author : Åsa Bengtsson; Staffan Sjöberg; Per Persson; Lars Lövgren; Laurent Charlet; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; apatite; dissolution; calcium; phosphate; fluoride; goethite; surface complexation; speciation; outer-sphere complexation; FTIR; XPS; potentiometry; Chemistry; Kemi;

    Abstract : Apatites are a diverse class of phosphate minerals that are important in a great variety of natural and industrial processes. They are, for example, used as raw material in fertiliser production and in the remediation of metal-contaminated soils. READ MORE

  4. 4. Can Bone Void Fillers Carry Load? : Behaviour of Calcium Phosphate Cements Under Different Loading Scenarios

    Author : Ingrid Ajaxon; Cecilia Persson; Caroline Öhman-Mägi; Uwe Gbureck; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Calcium phosphate; bone cement; brushite; apatite; monetite; porosity; solvent exchange; degradation; compressive strength; diametral tensile strength; flexural strength; elastic modulus; Poisson’s ratio; fatigue; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot materialvetenskap; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science;

    Abstract : Calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) are used as bone void fillers and as complements to hardware in fracture fixation. The aim of this thesis was to investigate the possibilities and limitations of the CPCs’ mechanical properties, and find out if these ceramic bone cements can carry application-specific loads, alone or as part of a construct. READ MORE

  5. 5. Osteocytes as indicators of bone quality - multiscale structure-composition characterisation of the bone-implant interface

    Author : Furqan A. Shah; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; 3D printing; apatite; biomaterials; biomineralisation; bone; bone quality; canaliculi; CoCr; collagen; electron beam melting; electron microscopy; implant; interface; in vivo; lacuna; micropetrosis; osseointegration; osteocyte; Raman spectroscopy; surface modification; Ti6Al4V; titanium; ultrastructure; whitlockite;

    Abstract : By virtue of certain design features, bone anchored metal implants can be made to elicit a strong initial osteogenic response, i.e., the amount of bone formed. READ MORE