Search for dissertations about: "Artificial Atoms"

Showing result 11 - 15 of 35 swedish dissertations containing the words Artificial Atoms.

  1. 11. Quantum acoustics with propagating phonons

    Author : Maria Ekström; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; phonon router; phonon; quantum acoustics; interdigital transducer; Electromagnetically Induced Transparency; artificial atom; Surface acoustic wave; superconducting circuits; qubit; unidirectional transducer;

    Abstract : Surface acoustic waves (SAWs) are mechanical vibrations that propagate on the surface of solids while dissipating little power, consequently enabling them to propagate freely over long distances. The speed and wavelength of SAWs are reduced a five order of magnitude compared to when light is used as a carrier at gigahertz frequencies. READ MORE

  2. 12. Gaps, Traps and Lattices - Correlations in Small Quantum Systems

    Author : Magnus Borgh; Matematisk fysik; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; magnetiska och optiska ; egenskaper elektriska; Cold atoms; Quantum dots; Optical lattices; classical mechanics; Mathematical and general theoretical physics; Exact diagonalization; Density Functional Theory; Vortices; relativity; quantum mechanics; termodynamik; statistisk fysik; relativitet; kvantmekanik; klassisk mekanik; Matematisk och allmän teoretisk fysik; thermodynamics; statistical physics; Condensed matter:electronic structure; gravitation; supraledare; magnetisk resonans; electrical; magnetic and optical properties; supraconductors; magnetic resonance; relaxation; spectroscopy; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:elektronstruktur; spektroskopi; Fysicumarkivet A:2007:Borgh;

    Abstract : This dissertation investigates properties of two-dimensional many-body systems. Studies are performed using the Spin-Density Functional Theory with the Local Spin-Density Approximation, and numerical exact diagonalization. READ MORE

  3. 13. Towards measuring quantum sound

    Author : Maria Ekström; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; surface acoustic wave; interdigital transducer; artificial atom; qubit; superconducting circuits; cryogenic temperature; phonon; gigahertz frequency; quantum acoustics; unidirectional transducer;

    Abstract : One of the most fundamental phenomena occurring in nature is the interaction between single atoms and electromagnetic fields. This is studied in quantum optics to probe the quantum nature of the system. In appended Paper I, we demonstrated that an artificial atom can couple to propagating sound, which is the acoustic analogue of quantum optics. READ MORE

  4. 14. Vertical III-V Semiconductor Devices

    Author : Tomas Bryllert; Fasta tillståndets fysik; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Halvledarfysik; Semiconductory physics; heterostructure barrier varactor frequency multiplier; field effect transistor; resonant tunneling; artificial molecule; terahertz; nanowire; Quantum dots;

    Abstract : This thesis is based on three projects that deal with vertical III-V semiconductor devices. The work spans over basic research as well as more applied aspects of III-V semiconductor technology. All projects have in common that they rely on advanced epitaxial growth to form the starting material for device fabrication. READ MORE

  5. 15. Probing quantum and classical noise in nano circuits

    Author : Arsalan Pourkabirian; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; transmon; vacuum fluctuations; circuit-QED; SET; dynamical Casimir effect; two-level fluctuator; artificial atom; SQUID; charge noise;

    Abstract : This thesis presents measurements of classical and quantum noise in nano circuits.The first part of the thesis, covers extensive measurements on charge noise sources.Low-frequency charge noise with the power spectrum close to 1/f(wherefis thefrequency) has been observed in a variety of systems. READ MORE