Search for dissertations about: "Artificial Atoms"

Showing result 21 - 25 of 35 swedish dissertations containing the words Artificial Atoms.

  1. 21. Fast-tunable resonators and quantum electrical circuits

    Author : Martin Sandberg; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; SEB; tunable; Sisyphus resistance; CPW; Resonator; SCB; qubit; circuit-QED; transmon; SQUID;

    Abstract : In this thesis, measurements on superconducting electrical circuits that exhibit quantum mechanical effects are presented. Nonlinear superconducting circuits can be regarded as artificial atoms with energy spectra that can be engineered. The artificial atoms can be used as quantum bits for quantum computation. READ MORE

  2. 22. Quantum properties of light and matter in one dimension

    Author : Axel Gagge; Jonas Larson; Jack Lidmar; Stockholms universitet; []

    Abstract : This licentiate thesis concerns topics in non-interacting and interacting quantum physics in one dimension. We present the notions of Wannier functions and tight-binding models. Quantum walks are discussed, quantum mechanical analogues to random walks. READ MORE

  3. 23. Electronic Structure Calculations: Materials with Weak and Strong Correlations

    Author : Krister Karlsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : photoemission spectroscopy; band structure calculations;

    Abstract : This thesis is devoted to studies of various electronic properties which can be extracted from photoemission spectroscopy. Both weakly and strongly correlated systems are discussed, ranging from free electron metal surfaces to strongly correlated copper oxide compounds. READ MORE

  4. 24. Quantum optics in superconducting circuits : Generating, engineering and detecting microwave photons

    Author : Sankar Raman Sathyamoorthy; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; single photon source; superconducting circuits; single photon detector; cross-Kerr effect; Quantum optics; circuit QED;

    Abstract : Quantum optics in superconducting circuits, known as circuit QED, studies the interaction of photons at microwave frequencies with artificial atoms made of Josephson junctions. Although quite young, remarkable progress has been made in this field over the past decade, especially given the interest in building a quantum computer using superconducting circuits. READ MORE

  5. 25. Numerical modelling of time-dependent metamaterials with the FDTD method

    Author : Sergey Novozhilov; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; FDTD; time-dependent media; numerical modelling; computational electrodynamics; metamaterials;

    Abstract : Metamaterials are artificial materials, usually composed of so-called meta-atoms, with electromagnetic properties which cannot be found in naturally occurring materials. In this work we study the properties of time-dependent metamaterials (meaning that their electromagnetic properties are varying with time), as well as their potential applications. READ MORE