Search for dissertations about: "Bacterial evolution"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 113 swedish dissertations containing the words Bacterial evolution.

  1. 1. Biased Evolution Causes and Consequences

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Gerrit Brandis; Uppsala universitet.; [2016]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Evolution; Codon usage bias; Post-transcriptional regulation; Recombination; Inversion; EF-Tu; Frameshift suppression; Antibiotic resistance; Rifampicin; Ciprofloxacin; Compensatory evolution; Drug efflux; RNA polymerase; DNA gyrase; Mikrobiologi; Microbiology;

    Abstract : In evolution alternative genetic trajectories can potentially lead to similar phenotypic outcomes. However, certain trajectories are preferred over others. These preferences bias the genomes of living organisms and the underlying processes can be observed in ongoing evolution. READ MORE

  2. 2. Mitochondrial Evolution Turning Bugs into Features

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Olof Karlberg; Uppsala universitet.; [2004]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biology; Biologi; NATURAL SCIENCES Biology; NATURVETENSKAP Biologi;

    Abstract : The bacterial origin of mitochondria from an ancient endosymbiosis is now widely accepted and the mitochondrial ancestor is generally believed to belong to the bacterial subdivision α-proteobacteria. The high fraction of mitochondrial proteins encoded in the nucleus has commonly been explained with a massive transfer of genes from the genome of the ancestral mitochondrion. READ MORE

  3. 3. Experimental Evolution and Fitness Effects of Mutations

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Anna Knöppel; Uppsala universitet.; [2016]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Experimental evolution; Fitness effects; mutations; S20; fis; ribosome; horizontal gene transfer; adaptation; synonymous mutations; Mikrobiologi; Microbiology;

    Abstract : Bacteria have small, streamlined genomes and evolve rapidly. Their large population sizes allow selection to be the main driver of evolution. With advances in sequencing technologies and precise methods for genetic engineering, many bacteria are excellent models for studying elementary questions in evolutionary biology. READ MORE

  4. 4. Evolution of cellular complexity and other remarkable features in Gemmataceae Complex bacterial lineages defy prokaryotic trends

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Mayank Mahajan; Uppsala universitet.; [2019]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Molecular evolution; Planctomycetes; Gemmataceae; functional organization; signalling; protein interaction; peptidoglycan; membranes; cell division; radiation tolerance; Pfam; SCOP; comparative genomics; protein architecture; domain shuffling and orthologous clustering; Bioinformatics; Bioinformatik; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylär evolution; Biology with specialization in Molecular Evolution; Biology with specialization in Molecular Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylärbiologi;

    Abstract : Bacteria of the family Gemmataceae belong the phylum Planctomycetes and are remarkable because of their complex cellular architectures, previously considered to be traits exclusive to eukaryotes. This thesis provides clues to the atypical cell envelope, the enhanced radiotolerance and the amazing cellular complexity of these bacteria. READ MORE

  5. 5. Lifestyle and Genome Evolution in Vector-Borne Bacteria A Comparison of Three Bartonella Species

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Anna Carolin Frank; Uppsala universitet.; [2005]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biology; Bartonella; evolution; host-restriction; vector-borne; horizontal gene transfer; genome reduction; alpha-proteobacteria; Type-IV secretion; Biologi; NATURAL SCIENCES Biology; NATURVETENSKAP Biologi;

    Abstract : Bacterial genomes provide records of the molecular processes associated with emergence and evolution of different bacterial lifestyles. This thesis is based on whole-genome comparisons within the genus Bartonella, an excellent model system for studies of host- and vector-specificity and infection outcome in animal-associated bacteria. READ MORE