Search for dissertations about: "Biology with specialization in Comparative Physiology"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 10 swedish dissertations containing the words Biology with specialization in Comparative Physiology.

  1. 1. Evolution of symbiotic lineages and the origin of new traits

    Author : Daniel Tamarit; Siv G. E. Andersson; Lisa Klasson; Amparo Latorre; Julian Parkhill; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; symbiosis; host-association; Lactobacillus; Bifidobacterium; Rhizobiales; Bartonella; honeybees; ants; codon usage bias; genome architecture; genome organization; gene transfer agent; evolutionary genomics; comparative genomics; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylär evolution; Biology with specialization in Molecular Evolution; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Genetics; Biologi med inriktning mot evolutionär genetik; Biologi med inriktning mot mikrobiologi; Biology with specialization in Microbiology;

    Abstract : This thesis focuses on the genomic study of symbionts of two different groups of hymenopterans: bees and ants. Both groups of insects have major ecological impact, and investigating their microbiomes increases our understanding of their health, diversity and evolution. READ MORE

  2. 2. Regulation of hematopoiesis in the freshwater crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus : role of transglutaminase

    Author : Kingkamon Junkunlo; Irene Söderhäll; Kenneth Söderhäll; Chadanat Noonin; Mats W Johansson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Ast1; clotting protein; crayfish; hematopoiesis; PVF PVR; ROS; transglutaminase; Biology with specialization in Molecular Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylärbiologi; Biology with specialization in Comparative Physiology; Biologi med inriktning mot jämförande fysiologi;

    Abstract : The freshwater crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus, has been used as a model for studying hematopoiesis or blood cell production or hematopoiesis and immunity. The work of this thesis aims to investigate the impact of factors such as ROS signaling, Ast1, and the PVF/PVR signaling pathway in controlling stem cell behavior during hematopoiesis and specifically the role of the crosslinking enzyme transglutaminase (TGase) in regulation of hematopoiesis. READ MORE

  3. 3. Mitochondrial Iron Metabolism : Study of mitoferrin in Drosophila melanogaster

    Author : Christoph Metzendorf; Maria Lind Karlberg; Kenneth Söderhäll; Martina Muckenthaler; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; iron; Drosophila; mitochondria; mitoferrin; ferritin; spermatogenesis; cell cycle; DFO; MRS12; Cell and molecular biology; Cell- och molekylärbiologi; Biology with specialization in Comparative Physiology; Biologi med inriktning mot jämförande fysiologi;

    Abstract : Iron has a dualistic character. On the one hand it is essential for the life of most organisms, on the other hand it is involved in the generation of reactive oxygen species that are implicated in diseases and aging. READ MORE

  4. 4. The role of leptin in zebrafish (Danio rerio) : Novel insights into appetite regulation and reproduction

    Author : Emmanouil Tsakoumis; Monika Schmitz; Tatjana Haitina; Åsa Wallén-Mackenzie; Ana Gómez Peris; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; zebrafish; leptin; appetite; GRN; brain; reproduction; oocyte maturation; ovulation; Biology with specialization in Comparative Physiology; Biologi med inriktning mot jämförande fysiologi;

    Abstract : The hormone leptin is a peripheral metabolic signal and an important regulator of energy balance. In mammals, leptin acts on the appetite centers in the hypothalamus, causing anorexigenic functions by inhibiting food intake. It is also considered as a link between the nutritional status and the endocrine reproductive axis. READ MORE

  5. 5. Hematopoiesis in a Crustacean

    Author : Xionghui Lin; Irene Söderhäll; Kenneth Söderhäll; Michael J. Williams; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; astakine; cytokine; hematopoiesis; prokineticin; transglutaminase; ATP synthase; innate immunity; apoptosis; Immunology; Immunologi; Biology with specialization in Comparative Physiology; Biologi med inriktning mot jämförande fysiologi;

    Abstract : Hemocytes (blood cells) play an important role in the immune response in invertebrates, and thus the regulation of hemocyte homeostasis (hematopoiesis) is essential for the host survival against pathogens. Astakine 1, a homologue to vertebrate prokineticins, was first identified in the freshwater crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus as a cytokine, and was found to be necessary for new hemocyte synthesis and release in vivo, and also to induce spreading and proliferation of Hematopoietic tissue cells (Hpt cells, precursor of hemocytes) in vitro. READ MORE