Search for dissertations about: "Biomaterials"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 163 swedish dissertations containing the word Biomaterials.

  1. 1. Injectable Biomaterials for Spinal Applications

    Author : Alejandro López; Cecilia Persson; Håkan Engqvist; Andreas Boger; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; injectable; biomaterials; bone cement; vertebral compression fractures; spine; radiopacity; minimally invasive treatment; low-modulus cement; oligomer; PMMA; calcium phosphate; vertebroplasty; bone; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot materialvetenskap; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science;

    Abstract : The use of injectable biomaterials is growing as the demands for minimally invasive procedures, and more easily applicable implants become higher, but their availability is still limited due to the difficulties associated to their design.Each year, more than 700,000 vertebral compression fractures (VCF’s) are reported in the US and 500,000 VCF’s in Europe due to primary osteoporosis only. READ MORE

  2. 2. Biomaterials and Hemocompatibility

    Author : Anna E. Engberg; Kristina Nilsson Ekdahl; Peter Zipfel; Linnéuniversitetet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Complement; Coagulation; Whole blood; Biomaterials; Polymers and Hemocompatibility; Immunology; Immunologi; Biomedical Sciences; Biomedicinsk vetenskap;

    Abstract : Biomaterials are commonly used in the medical clinic today; however, artificial materials can activate the cascade systems in the blood (complement-, coagulation-, contact- and fibrinolytic systems) as well as the platelets to various degrees. When an artificial surface comes in contact with blood, plasma proteins will be adsorbed to the surface within seconds. READ MORE

  3. 3. Biomaterials as carriers for bone active molecules-An approach to create off-the-shelf bone substitutes

    Author : Deepak Raina; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; biomaterials; Bone tissue engineering; Bone morphogenic protein-2; Zoledronic acid ZA ; calcium sulphate; Hydroxyapatite; Gelatin;

    Abstract : Bone tissue is commonly transplanted during orthopedic surgeries, primarily for the management of bone defects caused by trauma or various orthopedic conditions including, but not limited to, infections and tumours. Bone grafts are a surgeon’s choice, but their associated drawbacks are paving the way for biomaterial based bone graft substitutes. READ MORE

  4. 4. Interactions between platelets and complement with implications for the regulation at surfaces

    Author : Per H. Nilsson; Kristina Nilsson Ekdahl; John Lambris; Ian Nicholls; Berhane Ghebrehiwet; Linnéuniversitetet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; complement system activation; regulation ; platelets activation; regulation ; biomaterials; biocompatibility; chondroitin sulfate-A; apyrase; C1q; C3; factor H; C4BP; ADP; Biomedicinsk vetenskap; Biomedical Sciences;

    Abstract : Disturbances of host integrity have the potential to evoke activation of innate immunologic and hemostatic protection mechanisms in blood. Irrespective of whether the activating stimulus is typically immunogenic or thrombotic, it will generally affect both the complement system and platelets to a certain degree. READ MORE

  5. 5. Investigating mucin interactions with diverse surfaces for biomedical applications

    Author : Georgia Petrou; Thomas Crouzier; Anette Larsson; KTH; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mucus; mucin; protein adsorption; biomaterials; lubrication; mucoadhesion; 4RepCT; Biotechnology; Bioteknologi;

    Abstract : Mucous membranes are covered with mucus, a viscoelastic hydrogel that plays an essential role in their protection from shear and pathogens. The viscoelasticity of mucus is owing to mucins, a group of densely glycosylated proteins. READ MORE