Search for dissertations about: "Body mass index BMI"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 254 swedish dissertations containing the words Body mass index BMI.

  1. 1. Lumbar spinal stenosis : Body mass index and the patient's perspective

    Author : Björn Knutsson; Karl Michaëlsson; Bengt Sandén; Göran Sjödén; Paul Gerdhem; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Antonovsky; back pain; BMI; body mass index; Bygghalsan; cohort study; coping; EQ-5D; excess weight; leg pain; LSS; lumbar spinal stenosis; obesity; ODI Oswestry disability index; overweight; patient-centered; patient-physician relationship; patient-perspective; patient-related-outcome-measure; PROMs; qualitative study; spinal stenosis; salutogenesis; salutogenic; sciatica; spine surgery; suffering; Swedish spine register; Swespine; VAS; weight loss; weight change; Orthopaedics; Ortopedi;

    Abstract : During recent decades, lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has become the most common indication for spine surgery, a change that coincides with a higher worldwide prevalence of overweight and obesity. Thus, surgical treatment of LSS in the overweight and obese population is common and increasing in scope. READ MORE

  2. 2. Body mass index, cognitive ability, and dementia : prospective associations and methodological issues in late life

    Author : Anna Dahl; Stig Berg; Bo Malmberg; Linda Hassing; Eleonor Fransson; Sven Nilsson; Åke Wahlin; Jönköping University; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; aging; body mass index; cognition; dementia; epidemiology; longitudinal; population-based; prospective; Older people and ageing; Äldre och åldrande;

    Abstract : The aims of the present study were to investigate the association between overweight and cognitive ability and dementia, and to evaluate the usefulness of self-reported body mass index (BMI) in late life and various data sources commonly used in epidemiological studies to identify persons with dementia. Data were drawn from three population-based studies: the Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging (SATSA), Aging in Women and Men: A Longitudinal Study of Gender Differences in Health Behaviour and Health among Elderly (the Gender Study), and the Finnish Lieto Study. READ MORE

  3. 3. Malnutrition and obesity among older adults, assessed by Mini Nutritional Assessment and the body mass index, respectively : prevalence and associations with mortality and urinary tract infection

    Author : Maria Burman; Birgitta Olofsson; Yngve Gustafson; Peter Nordström; Tommy Cederholm; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Malnutrition; obesity; underweight; Mini Nutritional Assessment; Body Mass Index; older adults; very old; community dwelling; residential care facilities; mortality; urinary tract infection; Geriatrics; geriatrik; näringslära; Nutrition;

    Abstract : INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition and obesity are health concerns among older (aged ≥ 65 years) adults, but the combination of them have not been studied thoroughly nor have they been thoroughly investigated in very old (aged ≥ 85 years) adults. The aims of this thesis were to investigate the prevalence, trends in prevalence and associations with mortality of malnutrition and obesity, assessed by Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and the body mass index (BMI), respectively, and to examine the combined effects of these conditions on mortality. READ MORE

  4. 4. Economic perspectives on the obesity epidemic

    Author : Åsa Ljungvall; Nationalekonomiska institutionen; []
    Keywords : SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Obesity; body-mass index; BMI; waist circumference; inequality; socioeconomic inequalities; concentration index; socioeconomic disparities; time trends; economic freedom; misreporting; misclassification;

    Abstract : This thesis takes its starting point in the large spread and rise in obesity prevalence that have been observed around the world, making obesity an increasing public health concern. The thesis consists of an introductory chapter, which justifies the study of obesity from economic perspectives and puts the subsequent studies in context, and four studies that address obesity from different economic perspectives. READ MORE

  5. 5. Human body composition. Reference data and anthropometric equations. The metabolic syndrome and risk

    Author : Ingrid Larsson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : adults; anthropometry; atherosclerotic morbidity; body composition; body fat; cardiovascular disease; DEXA; dual energy x-ray absorptiometry; fat-free mass; FFM; humans; metabolic syndrome; morbidity; mortality; prediction equations; randomly selected sample; reference data; sagittal trunk diameter; TBK; total body potassium; waist circumference;

    Abstract : The determination of body composition is a key to the understanding of the relation between obesity and disease. In order to evaluate body composition data, reference values are needed. Since methods with high validity and reproducibility are expensive and often time consuming, simpler techniques based on anthropometry are needed. READ MORE