Search for dissertations about: "Bronchoconstriction"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 24 swedish dissertations containing the word Bronchoconstriction.

  1. 1. Exercise induced breathing problems in adolescents

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Henrik Johansson; Uppsala universitet.; [2015]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Exercise; dyspnoea; bronchoconstriction; laryngeal obstruction; adolescents; HRQoL; physical activity; Lungmedicin; Lung Medicine;

    Abstract : Experiencing respiratory symptoms in conjunction with exercise is common in children and adolescents and can have a negative impact on daily life. The aim of the thesis was to estimate the prevalence of exercise-induced dyspnoea, exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) and exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (E-ILO) in a general adolescent population, and to explore factors associated with EIB. READ MORE

  2. 2. Ventilation/Perfusion Matching and its Effect on Volatile Pharmacokinetics

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Moritz Andreas Kretzschmar; Uppsala universitet.; [2016]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Anesthesia; Animal models in research; Mass spectrometry; Gas chromatography; MIGET; Ventilation-perfusion; Desflurane; Isoflurane; Bronchoconstriction; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care;

    Abstract : The mismatching of alveolar ventilation and perfusion (VA/Q) is the major determinant of impaired gas exchange. The gold standard for analyzing VA/Q distribution is the multiple inert gas elimination technique (MIGET), conventionally based on gas chromatography (GC), and, although simple in principle, a technically demanding procedure limiting its use. READ MORE

  3. 3. Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction Prevalence, laryngeal findings and evaluation of treatment

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Katarina Norlander; Uppsala universitet.; [2017]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Exercise; laryngeal obstruction; bronchoconstriction; CLE-score; EILOMEA;

    Abstract : Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) is one of many different causes for adolescents to experience dyspnoea during exercise. Objective exercise-testing with continuous video laryngoscopy is crucial for a correct diagnosis since it is difficult to differentiate EILO from other exercise related conditions in the airways only on the symptomatology. READ MORE

  4. 4. Studies of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction to define protective mechanisms in asthma

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Dept of Medicine, Huddinge

    Author : Johan Bood; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2015]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) occurs in the majority of asthmatics following vigorous exercise. EIB is caused by a loss of water from the airways creating a hyperosmolar environment in the tissue that in turn triggers the release of bronchoconstrictive mediators. READ MORE

  5. 5. An experimental study of mediators in allergic bronchoconstriction with focus on eicosanoids

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Institute of Enviromental Medicine

    Author : Ewa Selg; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2008]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Leukotrienes; prostaglandins; histamine; guinea pig lung; ovalbumin; mast cell; cyclooxygenase; airway smooth muscle; COX inhibitors; NSAIDs;

    Abstract : Mast cells have a central role in the inflammatory response in airways of both atopic and non-atopic asthmatics. The mast cell-derived mediators such as histamine, leukotriene C4 and prostaglandin D2, released upon activation of the cell, produce acute bronchoconstriction that is characteristic of the early asthmatic response (EAR), and contribute to the development of airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness following the initial reaction. READ MORE