Search for dissertations about: "Carl Caleman"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 10 swedish dissertations containing the words Carl Caleman.

  1. 1. Towards Single Molecule Imaging - Understanding Structural Transitions Using Ultrafast X-ray Sources and Computer Simulations

    Author : Carl Caleman; Janos Hajdu; Richard Neutze; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Molecular biophysics; XFEL; Ultrafast Melting; InSb; Molecular Dynamics; Water Cluster; Evaporation; Secondary Electron; Photo-cathode; Electron Scattering; Energy Loss Function; Single Particle Imaging; X-ray Diffraction; Water; Ice; KI; CsI; Molekylär biofysik;

    Abstract : X-ray lasers bring us into a new world in photon science by delivering extraordinarily intense beams of x-rays in very short bursts that can be more than ten billion times brighter than pulses from other x-ray sources. These lasers find applications in sciences ranging from astrophysics to structural biology, and could allow us to obtain images of single macromolecules when these are injected into the x-ray beam. READ MORE

  2. 2. An X-ray Based Spectroscopic Study of Structure Influencing Electrons : Fragmentation, Ultrafast Charge Dynamics and Surface Composition

    Author : Geethanjali Gopakumar; Olle Björneholm; Carl Caleman; Isaak Unger; Ruth Signorell; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Fragmentation; ICD; ETMD; Ultrafast electron dynamics; Surface propensity;

    Abstract : The structure of biomolecules, such as proteins, is intimately connected to the function of the molecules. These structures are often studied using X-ray diffraction. However, the interaction of the X-ray photons with the molecule can excite or ionize its electrons which in turn can causes changes in the molecular structure. READ MORE

  3. 3. Femtosecond Dynamics in Water and Biological Materials with an X-Ray Laser

    Author : H. Olof Jönsson; Carl Caleman; Nicusor Timneanu; Olle Björneholm; David van der Spoel; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Physics with specialization in Biophysics; Fysik med inriktning mot biofysik;

    Abstract : Using high intensity ultrashort pulses from X-ray free electron lasers to investigate soft matter is a recent and successful development. The last decade has seen the development of new variant of protein crystallography with femtosecond dynamics, and single particle imaging with atomic resolution is on the horizon. READ MORE

  4. 4. Ultrafast Structural and Electron Dynamics in Soft Matter Exposed to Intense X-ray Pulses

    Author : Olof Jönsson; Carl Caleman; Nicusor Timneanu; Olle Björneholm; Jörgen Larsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; X-ray free-electron laser; Serial Femtosecond Crystallography; Radiation Damage; Plasma Simulations; Ultrafast Lasers; X-ray Imaging; Diffraction Theory; Ultrafast Phenomena; Hit Detection; Plasma Emission Spectra; Serial Femtosecond Crystallography; Protein Structure; Protein Crystallography; Metalloprotein; Non-thermal Heating; Water; Ferredoxin; NLTE Simulation; XFEL; FEL; SFX; Physics with specialization in Biophysics; Fysik med inriktning mot biofysik;

    Abstract : Investigations of soft matter using ultrashort high intensity pulses have been made possible through the advent of X-ray free-electrons lasers. The last decade has seen the development of a new type of protein crystallography where femtosecond dynamics can be studied, and single particle imaging with atomic resolution is on the horizon. READ MORE

  5. 5. Structural studies of small viruses using an X-ray Free Electron Laser

    Author : Anna Munke; Marvin Seibert; Dirk Hasse; Inger Andersson; Carl Caleman; Maria Selmer; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Physics with specialization in Biophysics; Fysik med inriktning mot biofysik;

    Abstract : X-ray crystallography has since its introduction been the most successful technique for solving protein structures. Viruses however, often possess structural components such as fibrils, tails and envelopes that make them difficult or impossible to crystallize. READ MORE