Search for dissertations about: "Ceria"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 53 swedish dissertations containing the word Ceria.

  1. 1. Oxygen Vacancy Chemistry in Ceria

    Author : Jolla Kullgren; Kersti Hermansson; Shluger Alex; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Ceria; Density Functional Theory; Oxygen storage; Nano crystals; Sulfur poisoning; Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry; Kemi med inriktning mot oorganisk kemi;

    Abstract : Cerium(IV) oxide (CeO2), ceria, is an active metal oxide used in solid oxide fuel cells and for the purification of exhaust gases in vehicle emissions control. Behind these technically important applications of ceria lies one overriding feature, namely ceria's exceptional reduction-oxidation properties. READ MORE

  2. 2. Physisorption of CO and N2O on ceria surfaces

    Author : Carsten Müller; Kersti Hermansson; Konstantin Neyman; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ceria; carbon monoxide; nitrous oxide; embedded cluster; physisorption; method of increments; CCSD T ; vibrational frequencies; Quantum chemistry; Kvantkemi; Quantum Chemistry; kvantkemi;

    Abstract : Physisorption of CO and N2O on surfaces of ceria (CeO2) was investigated by means of high-level quantum-mechanical embedded cluster calculations. Both systems have high relevance in the field of environmental chemistry and heterogeneous catalysis. READ MORE

  3. 3. Catalysts for Car Exhaust: Oxygen Storage in Platinum/Ceria and Mass Transfer in Monoliths

    Author : Anna Holmgren; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : car exhaust; catalysis; flow distribution; mass transfer; oxygen storage capacity OSC ; ceria; computational fluid-dynamics simulations; monolith catalyst; platinum; oxygen transport;

    Abstract : In this work, the oxygen storage/release in Pt/ceria catalysts has been investigated both experimentally and theoretically. Moreover, the flow distribution and mass transfer in monolith catalysts for car-exhaust purification have been studied. READ MORE

  4. 4. Strontium Titanate-based Anodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

    Author : Peter Blennow Tullmar; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:elektronstruktur; spectroscopy; relaxation; magnetic resonance; supraconductors; magnetic and optical properties; electrical; Condensed matter:electronic structure; fasjämvikt; egenskaper termiska och mekaniska ; kristallografi; phase equilibria; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:struktur; Condensed matter:stucture; thermal and mechanical properties; crystallography; infiltration; surfactant; ceria; Gd-doped ceria; redox stability; SOFC; ceramic anode; XRD; XANES; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy; defect chemistry; Nb-doped SrTiO3; electron microscopy; egenskaper elektriska; magnetiska och optiska ; supraledare; magnetisk resonans; spektroskopi; Inorganic chemistry; Oorganisk kemi; Electrochemistry; Elektrokemi; Energy research; Energiforskning; Composite materials; Kompositmaterial; Ceramic materials and powders; Keramiska material och pulver;

    Abstract : The purpose for this work has been to develop new robust fuel electrodes for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). The aim was to find suitable ceramic materials or composites with promising properties for the use as SOFC anodes. READ MORE

  5. 5. A novel solar-driven system for two-step conversion of CO2 with ceria-based catalysts

    Author : Bo Wei; Reza Fakhrai; Torsten Fransson; Nader Jand; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; CO2 conversion; solar; ceria; thermogravimetric test; exergy analysis; simulink; fluidized bed; gas-solid flow; simulation; Energy Technology; Energiteknik;

    Abstract : Global warming is an unequivocal fact proved by the persistent rise of the average temperature of the earth. IPCC reported that scientists were more than 90 % certain that most of the global warming was caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHG) produced by human activities. READ MORE