Search for dissertations about: "Christoffer Boman"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 9 swedish dissertations containing the words Christoffer Boman.

  1. 1. Particulate and gaseous emissions from residential biomass combustion

    Author : Christoffer Boman; Anders Nordin; Ingwald Obernberger; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Chemistry; aerosols; air pollution; emissions; fuel pellets; residential biomass combustion; inorganic characterization; incomplete combustion; particulate matter; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; trace elements; Kemi; Chemistry; Kemi;

    Abstract : Biomass is considered to be a sustainable energy source with significant potentials for replacing electricity and fossil fuels, not at least in the residential sector. However, present wood combustion is a major source of ambient concentrations of hydrocarbons (e.g. READ MORE

  2. 2. Fine particle emissions and slag formation in fixed-bed biomass combustion : aspects of fuel engineering

    Author : Jonathan Fagerström; Christoffer Boman; Dan Boström; Marcus Öhman; Bengt-Johan Skrifvars; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Renewable energy; biomass; thermochemical fuel conversion; combustion; fine particle emissions; slag formation; fixed-bed; ash chemistry; fuel engineering; release;

    Abstract : There is a consensus worldwide that the share of renewable energy sources should be increased to mitigate climate change. The strive to increase the renewable energy fraction can partly be met by an increased utilization of different biomass feedstocks. READ MORE

  3. 3. Real-time breath gas analysis of carbon monoxide : laser-based detection and pulmonary gas exchange modeling

    Author : Ramin Ghorbani; Florian M. Schmidt; Anders Blomberg; Christoffer Boman; Staffan Schedin; Jonathan Beauchamp; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; carbon monoxide CO ; pulmonary gas exchange; computational modeling; real-time breath gas analysis; single-exhalation profile; laser absorption spectroscopy; nonlinear least-squares fitting; breath sampling; baseline level; diurnal variation; healthy population; exposure study; fysik; Physics; Physiology; fysiologi;

    Abstract : Breath gas analysis is a promising approach for non-invasive medical diagnostics and physiological monitoring. Real-time, breath-cycle resolved biomarker detection facilitates data interpretation and has the potential to improve the diagnostic value of breath tests as exhalation profiles carry spatiotemporal information about biomarker origin and gas exchange in the respiratory tract. READ MORE

  4. 4. Ash transformation in thermochemical conversion of different biomass resources with special focus on phosphorus

    Author : Ali Hedayati; Marcus Öhman; Christoffer Boman; Kentaro Umeki; Anita Pettersson; Luleå tekniska universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; agricultural biomass; forest residues; sewage sludge; ash transformation; release; potassium; phosphorus; combustion; gasification; bio charcoal; phosphorus recovery; Energiteknik; Energy Engineering;

    Abstract : A great potential exists for increasing the use of bioenergy in thermochemical processes by utilizing agricultural biomass, forest residues, and sewage sludge that have high availability. Many of these biomass assortments have high ash contents with relatively high concentrations of ash-forming elements such as potassium (K), calcium (Ca), silicon (Si), and phosphorus (P). READ MORE

  5. 5. Particle emissions from residential wood and biodiesel combustion

    Author : Robin Nyström; Christoffer Boman; Dan Boström; Markus Broström; Michael Strand; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Combustion; biomass; wood; biodiesel; particulate matter; emissions; aerosols; physicochemical properties; size distribution; PAH;

    Abstract : Emissions from anthropogenic combustion sources, such as vehicles and biomass combustion, contribute significantly to ambient particulate matter (PM) both on a local and global scale. Exposure to ambient PM and air pollution in general is linked to a variety of different health effects and it has been estimated that as many as 2. READ MORE