Search for dissertations about: "Clostridium"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 45 swedish dissertations containing the word Clostridium.

  1. 1. Clostridium difficile : epidemiology and antibiotic resistance

    Author : Torbjörn Norén; Erik Bäck; Lars G. Burman; Roland Möllby; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Clostridium difficile; antibiotic resistance; epidemiology; Medicine; Medicin; Medicin; Medicine;

    Abstract : Clostridium difficile is a spore-forming toxin-producing intestinal bacterium abundant in soils and waters. This pathogen relies on increased growth by a disturbed intestinal microflora and the production of two cytotoxins, toxin A and toxin B, which may cause anything from mild self-limiting C. READ MORE

  2. 2. Toxin production in clostridium difficile

    Author : Sture Karlsson; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : ;

    Abstract : Clostridium difficile is a is a Gram potential human pathogen. It causing symptoms ranging from mild C. difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) to severe inflammation of the colon including pseudomembranous colitis and fulminant colitis. Over 300 000 and about 10 000 CDAD episodes are diagnosed annually in the USA and Sweden, respectively. READ MORE

  3. 3. Lactobacillus reuteri in health and disease

    Author : Gabriela Sinkiewicz; Malmö högskola; []
    Keywords : breast milk; lactobacilli; Lactobacillus reuteri; probiotics; Bifidobacteria; clostridium; faeces; Gingivitis; oral health;

    Abstract : People have exploited fermentation by lactobacilli for centuries as a means of preparing and preserving foods. Several different bacterial species are today used as probiotic bacteria in different products both for human and animal applications. READ MORE

  4. 4. Insights into the metabolism of Clostridium thermocellum for cellulosic ethanol production

    Author : Johannes Yayo; Antonius J. A. van Maris; Richard Sparling; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Clostridium thermocellum; ethanol; glucose; fructose; amino acids; pyrophosphate; chaotropicity; thermodynamic driving force; laboratory evolution; chemostats; metabolic engineering; Biotechnology; Bioteknologi;

    Abstract : The societal goal of reaching net-zero CO2 emissions requires development of integrated biorefineries to produce biomass-derived fuels and chemicals. For sustainable second-generation bioethanol production, consolidated bioprocessing with the thermophile Clostridium thermocellum is regarded as a promising concept in view of the microorganism’s native ability to efficiently degrade plant cell wall material. READ MORE

  5. 5. Real-time PCR for diagnosis of botulism and quantification of neurotoxin gene expression in Clostridium botulinum

    Author : Ingrid Artin; Avdelningen för medicinsk mikrobiologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; detection; qRT-PCR; Clostridium botulinum; molecular methods;

    Abstract : The objectives of the work presented in this thesis have been to develop molecular methods for (i) detection of Clostridium botulinum in food and clinical samples, and (ii) monitoring the expression of the neurotoxin gene, cnt, during different growth phases and under different growth conditions. For the diagnosis of botulism, a real-time PCR-based method including an internal amplification control for C. READ MORE