Search for dissertations about: "Cochlea"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 55 swedish dissertations containing the word Cochlea.

  1. 1. Topical anesthesia of the tympanic membrane : an experimental animal study

    Author : Sten-Hermann Schmidt; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Topical anesthesia; middle ear; tympanic membrane; cochlea; collagen fibres; lidocaine; 96 % phenol; Bonain s liquid; auditory brainstem response; ototoxicity; cytocochleogram; scanning electron microscopy; rat; guinea pig;

    Abstract : Myringotomy plays an important role in otological therapy. The procedure requires an efficient anesthesia, which can be obtained without general anesthesia. However, the use of local anesthetics on the tympanic membrane (TM) has been abandoned in many places, as general anesthesia has been readily available. READ MORE

  2. 2. Pitch, loudness and frequency selectivity in low-frequency hearing loss

    Author : Jonas Brännström; Lund näs- och halssjukdomar Öron-; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; frequency coding; Cochlea; frequency selectivity; hearing fluctuation; inner ear pressure; long-term measurement; Ménière s disease; low-frequency hearing loss; loudness; pitch.;

    Abstract : Patients with Ménière's disease and cochlear hydrops show fluctuating low-frequency hearing loss (FLFHL). At present these changes are followed as patients' subjective reports and occasional measurements. READ MORE

  3. 3. Influence of middle ear pressure changes on labyrinthine hydrodynamics and hearing physiology

    Author : Konrad Konradsson; Lund näs- och halssjukdomar Öron-; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; auditive system and speech; audiology; Pressure; Audiometry; Cats; Animal; Cochlea; Cochlear aqueduct; Ear; Eustachian tube; Hearing; Otorinolaryngologi; Human; Labyrinth; Otorhinolaryngology; Meniere s disease; audiologi; hörsel- och talorganen;

    Abstract : Results from experimental studies, as well as clinical studies, are used to elucidate the effects of ambient pressure changes on cochlear hydrodynamics and function. The perilymph pressure changes and the pressure release effects of the cochlear aqueduct (CA) and Eustachian tube (ET) in cats exposed to hypobaric pressure are elucidated. READ MORE

  4. 4. The Human Cochlea and Cochlear Implantation : Morphological Characteristics and Clinical Correlations

    Author : Nadine Schart-Morén; Helge Rask-Andersen; Elina Mäki-Torkko; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cochlear implantation; micro-CT; synchrotron; facial nerve stimulation; hearing preservation; round window;

    Abstract : The most common sensory deficit in the world is sensorineural hearing loss. Cochlear implantation (CI) can majorly contribute to restore hearing, not only in patients with severe to profound hearing loss, but also in hearing-impaired patients with residual low-frequency hearing. READ MORE

  5. 5. The Round Window Membrane - Gateway to the Cochlea : A Morphological and Electrophysiological study

    Author : Leif Nordang; Sten Hellström; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Otorhinolaryngology; round window membrane; pseudomonas exotoxin; auditory brainstem response; hearing loss; endolymphatic sac; inner ear immunology; glutamate; nitric oxide inhibitor; glucocorticoid.; Otorhinolaryngologi; Otorhinolaryngology; Otorhinolaryngologi; Oto-Rhino-Laryngology; oto-rhino-laryngologi;

    Abstract : Topical treatment of several inner ear diseases through the round window membrane (RWM) might be feasible in the near future. Bacteria toxins, ototoxic drugs and noise trauma seem to harm the inner ear by a common pathway which involves, excessive outflow of the afferent neurotransmitter glutamate and formation of nitric oxide (NO), which can severely damage cells/nerve endings and lead to cell death. READ MORE