Search for dissertations about: "Communicable disease control"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 14 swedish dissertations containing the words Communicable disease control.

  1. 1. Respiratory Tract Infections: Aspects of Aetiology, Virulence, and Communicable Disease Control

    Author : Jonas Ahl; Enheten för infektionssjukdomar; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Streptococcus pneumoniae; day care center; communicable disease control intervention; eradication therapy; invasive pneumococcal disease; serotype 3; aetiology; ventilator-associated pneumonia;

    Abstract : The paediatric nasopharyngeal flora is regarded as the largest reservoir for Streptococcus pneumoniae, and the carrier state is always antecedent to infection and a prerequisite for dispersion of these bacteria. Pneumococci are the predominant aetiology of bacterial respiratory tract infections and a major cause of morbidity and mortality, in the most severe cases due to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD; mainly sepsis and meningitis). READ MORE

  2. 2. Disease surveillance systems

    Author : Baki Cakici; Magnus Boman; Stefan Johansson; KTH; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; disease surveillance; syndromic surveillance; outbreak detection; health informatics; computer science; Health and medical services in society; Hälso- och sjukvård i samhället; Epidemiology; Epidemiologi; Computer and systems science; Data- och systemvetenskap;

    Abstract : Recent advances in information and communication technologies have made the development and operation of complex disease surveillance systems technically feasible, and many systems have been proposed to interpret diverse data sources for health-related signals. Implementing these systems for daily use and efficiently interpreting their output, however, remains a technical challenge. READ MORE

  3. 3. HIV/AIDS in Sweden and the United Kingdom : policy networks 1982-1992

    Author : Dagmar von Walden Laing; Peter Garpenby; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; HIV infections epidemiology; HIV infections prevention contro; l Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome epidemiology; Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome prevention control; Disease outbreaks; Communicable disease control; Sweden; Great Britain; AIDS; HIV; politiska aspekter; Sverige; Storbritannien; statsvetenskap; Political Science;

    Abstract : The focus of this study is on the development and influence of HIV/AIDS policy networks in Sweden and United Kingdom during the period 1982-92, from the period when the lethal disease which was later named AIDS first appeared in the two countries, to the time when HIV/AIDS policy was integrated into the main policy field of infectious diseases. The networks are defined as structural arrangements between organisations and individuals, who are in frequent contact with one another in order to prevent HIV infection, to reduce the personal and social impact of HIV infection, and to care for those already infected. READ MORE

  4. 4. Where are the world’s disease patterns heading? : The challenges of epidemiological transition

    Author : Ailiana Santosa; Peter Byass; Ulf Högberg; Joacim Rocklöv; Sarah Wild; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; epidemiological transition; premature mortality; non-communicable disease; risk factors; Sweden; low-and middle-income countries; INDEPTH Network; Västerbotten Intervention Programme; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Abstract : INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological transition theory, first postulated by Omran in 1971, provides a useful framework for understanding cause-specific mortality changes and may contribute usefully to predictions about cause-specific mortality. However, understandings of mortality transitions and associated epidemiological changes remain poorly defined for public health practitioners due to lack of evidence from low- and middle-income countries. READ MORE

  5. 5. Working with community : exploring community empowerment to support non-communicable disease prevention in a middle-incom country

    Author : Fatwa Sari Tetra Dewi; Lars Weinehall; Hans Stenlund; Ann Öhman; Charli Eriksson; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NCD; cardiovascular disease; community intervention; prevention; community empowerment; middle-incom countries; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Abstract : Background: Non communicable diseases (NCD) are recognized as a major burden of human health globally, especially in low and middle-income countries including Indonesia. This thesis addresses a community intervention program utilizing a community empowerment approach to study whether this is a reasonable strategy to control NCD. READ MORE