Search for dissertations about: "Core Level Spectroscopy"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 75 swedish dissertations containing the words Core Level Spectroscopy.

  1. 1. Core Level Spectroscopy of Water and Ice

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Fysikum

    Author : Dennis Nordlund; Stockholms universitet.; [2004]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; x-ray adsorption spectroscopy; photoemission spectroscopy; x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; platinum; x-ray emission spectroscopy; density functional theory; hydrogen-bonded; H-bond; water; ice; electronic structure; excited state dynamics; proton dynamics; water adsorption; liquid water; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik;

    Abstract : A core level spectroscopy study of ice and water is presented in this thesis. Combining a number of experiments and spectrum calculations based on density functional theory, changes in the local valence electronic structure are shown to be sensitive to the local H-bonding configurations. READ MORE

  2. 2. Photoelectron Spectroscopy on Atoms, Molecules and Clusters The Geometric and Electronic Structure Studied by Synchrotron Radiation and Lasers

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Torbjörn Rander; Uppsala universitet.; [2007]
    Keywords : Atomic and molecular physics; Free clusters; Electron spectroscopy; Doped clusters; Laser excitation; Alkali metals; Electronic structure; Geometric structure; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy XPS ; Resonant Auger spectroscopy RAS ; Near-threshold x-ray absorption fine structure NEXAFS ; Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy UPS ; Detuning; Ultra-fast dissociation UFD ; Sodium; Potassium; Oxygen; Bromomethane; Argon; Xenon; Krypton; Molecular field splitting; Core hole lifetime; Core excitation; Atom- och molekylfysik;

    Abstract : Atoms, molecules and clusters all constitute building blocks of macroscopic matter. Therefore, understanding the electronic and geometrical properties of such systems is the key to understanding the properties of solid state objects. READ MORE

  3. 3. Calculations of Clean and Adsorbate Covered Metal Surfaces and their Core-Level Photoemission Spectra

    University dissertation from Division of Solid State Theory, Lund University, Sölvegatan 14A, S-223 62 Lund, SWEDEN

    Author : Martin Birgersson; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2002]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; chemical shifts; density functional theory; Condensed matter:electronic structure; electrical; magnetic and optical properties; supraconductors; magnetic resonance; relaxation; Atomic and molecular physics; spektroskopi; magnetisk resonans; supraledare; magnetiska och optiska ; egenskaper elektriska; spectroscopy; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:elektronstruktur; core-level photoemission; single crystal surfaces; Atom- och molekylärfysik; Fysicumarkivet A:2002:Birgersson; core-hole degeneracies; metal surfaces; adsorption; molecular vibrations;

    Abstract : Popular Abstract in Swedish Genom att utsätta ett material för elektromagnetisk strålning med tillräckligt hög frekvens kan man "slå ut" elektroner. Denna mekanism, som förklarades av Albert Einstein redan 1905, går under namnet den fotoelektriska effekten och utnyttjas idag bl.a. i fotoemissionsexperiment. READ MORE

  4. 4. Ab initio simulations of core level spectra Towards an atomistic understanding of the dye-sensitized solar cell

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Department of Physics, Stockholm University

    Author : Ida Josefsson; Stockholms universitet.; [2013]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; multiconfigurational quantum chemistry; CASSCF calculations; core-level spectroscopy; x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; x-ray absorption; resonant x-ray scattering; dye solar cells; transition metals; kemisk fysik; Chemical Physics;

    Abstract : The main focus of this thesis is ab initio modeling of core level spectra with a high-level quantum chemical description both of the chemical interactions and of local atomic multiplet effects. In particular, the combination of calculations and synchrotron-based core-level spectroscopy aims at understanding the local structure of the electronic valence in transition metal complexes, and the details of the solvation mechanisms of electrolyte solutions, systems relevant for the dye-sensitized solar cell. READ MORE

  5. 5. Free Molecular and Metal Clusters Studied by Synchrotron Radiation Based Electron Spectroscopy

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Universitetsbiblioteket

    Author : Aldana Rosso; Uppsala universitet.; [2008]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik; nanoparticles; free clusters; molecular clusters; metal clusters; photoelectron spectroscopy; synchrotron radiation; local structure; core level spectroscopy; auger spectroscopy; heterogeneous clusters; nucleation; bromomethane; chloromethane; benzene; bromobenzene; chlorobenzene; potassium; sodium; simple metals;

    Abstract : The main purpose of this Thesis is the experimental characterization of the electronic and geometric structures of objects called clusters. A cluster consists of a finite group of bound atoms or molecules. Due to its finite size, it may present completely different properties than those of the isolated atom and the bulk. READ MORE