Search for dissertations about: "Crash"

Showing result 21 - 25 of 177 swedish dissertations containing the word Crash.

  1. 21. Postural and Muscular Responses of Car Occupants under Pre-Crash Conditions

    Author : Ghazaleh Ghaffari; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : EMG; vehicle occupant kinematics; pre-crash; evasive maneuvers; lane change; human body model; pre‐pretensioner belt; principal component analysis; linear mixed model;

    Abstract : Advanced integrated safety technologies in modern cars such as collision avoidance intervention and pre-crash activated restraint systems require comprehensive research on how vehicle occupants respond to these systems. The aim of this thesis is to provide insights into car passengers’ body kinematics and muscle activations in representative pre-crash circumstances with respect to two belt configurations (i. READ MORE

  2. 22. Structural Interaction between Vehicles. An Investigation of Crash Compatibility between Cars and Heavy Goods Vehicles

    Author : Aleksandra Krusper; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Front Underrun Protection; simulation; Heavy Goods Vehicles; compatibility assessment; FUPD; Front Underrun Protective Device; energy absorption; crash compatibility; HGV; structural interaction; FUP;

    Abstract : While frontal collisions between Heavy Goods Vehicles (HGVs) and passenger cars are rarecompared to car-to-car frontal crashes, they are much more severe. Between 43% and 73% ofall frontal car-to-truck accidents result in fatalities. READ MORE

  3. 23. Developing Theoretical and Empirical Definitions of Safety Problems in Driving Suitable for Active Safety Function Evaluation

    Author : Mikael Ljung Aust; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; avoidance; driver behaviour; pre-crash scenarios; crash causation; adaptation; motivation; conceptual framework; active safety functions;

    Abstract : In passive safety, the requirement specifications used for evaluation of protective functions are both standardised and specified at a high level of detail regarding evaluation scenario definition, performance metrics and pass/fail criteria. For active safety, while several propositions for evaluation scenarios have been made, neither these, nor performance metrics and pass/fail criteria have yet reached a similar level of detail and standardisation. READ MORE

  4. 24. Fatal car crash configurations and injury panorama : with special emphasis on the function of restraint system

    Author : Mats Lindquist; Ulf Björnstig; Anders Kullgren; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : Surgery; Deep studies; fatal crashes; small overlap; human FE-modeling; body kinematics; real life safety; Kirurgi; kirurgi; Surgery;

    Abstract : Background: Most traffic safety research projects require accurate real world data which is collected in different databases around the world. This is especially important since the results of these projects form the basis for new crash test procedures and standards. READ MORE

  5. 25. Material characterisation for crash modelling of composites

    Author : Thomas Bru; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; mechanical testing; finite element analysis FEA ; non-crimp fabric NCF ; damage mechanics; carbon fibre composite; crushing;

    Abstract : The transport industry must find solutions to reduce its impact on climate change. A promising way to reduce the weight of vehicles and therefore to reduce the CO2 emissions is to introduce components made of lightweight composite materials, in particular carbon fibre reinforced plastics (CFRPs). READ MORE