Search for dissertations about: "DILI"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 9 swedish dissertations containing the word DILI.

  1. 1. ATP-Binding-Cassette Transporters in Biliary Efflux and Drug-Induced Liver Injury

    Author : Jenny M. Pedersen; Per Artursson; Christel A. S. Bergström; Stefan Oswald; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ABC transport protein; Pgp; P-glycoprotein; ABCB1; BCRP; breast cancer resistance protein; ABCG2; MRP2; multidrug resistance-associated protein 2; ABCC2; BSEP; bile salt export pump; ABCB11; sandwich cultured human hepatocytes; SCHH; drug-induced liver injury; DILI; multivariate data analysis; OPLS; Galenisk farmaci; Pharmaceutics;

    Abstract : Membrane transport proteins are known to influence the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity (ADMET) of drugs. At the onset of this thesis work, only a few structure-activity models, in general describing P-glycoprotein (Pgp/ABCB1) interactions, were developed using small datasets with little structural diversity. READ MORE

  2. 2. Incidence, predictors and biomarkers for antiretroviral and/or anti-tuberculosis drugs induced liver injury

    Author : Getnet Yimer Ali; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : Anti-tuberculosis and/or antiretroviral drugs induced liver injury (DILI) is a major challenge when managing TB and/or HIV patients. The aims of this thesis were to identify incidence, risk factors, and management of DILI among 4 different treatment groups namely; HIV positive individuals with no TB co-infection and had a CD4 count of < 200 cells/μl (taking ARV drugs alone = arm 1), TB-HIV co-infected patients with a CD4 count of < 200 cells/μl (taking both anti-TB and ARV drugs = arm 2), TB-HIV coinfected patients with a CD4 count of > 200 cells/μl (taking anti-TB alone = arm 3), HIV negative TB patients (taking anti-TB alone = arm 4). READ MORE

  3. 3. Optimization of TB/HIV co-treatment in Ethiopian patients

    Author : Wondwossen Amogne Degu; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV infection act with deadly synergy. HIV is the most important risk factor for latent TB reactivation and active TB progression following exposure or reinfection while TB accelerates HIV progression. TB is the most frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV infection. READ MORE

  4. 4. Novel human in vitro systems for studies of drug inducted hepatotoxicity

    Author : Louise Sivertsson; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a major human health concern, estimated to account for about half of all cases of acute liver failure in the general population. DILI also represents a significant problem in drug discovery, being one of the most common reasons for regulatory actions, including boxed warnings, restricted marketing and withdrawals of marketed drugs. READ MORE

  5. 5. Hepatic 3D spheroids as a model system for drug-induced liver injury and cytochrome P450 induction

    Author : Delilah F. G. Hendriks; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a major cause of post-marketing drug withdrawals and restricted-use warnings. In addition, unexpected adverse hepatic drug reactions occurring in the clinical phases of development are a major reason for drug attrition. READ MORE