Search for dissertations about: "DXR"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 14 swedish dissertations containing the word DXR.

  1. 1. Enzymes in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis MEP and CoA Pathways Targeted for Structure-Based Drug Design

    Author : Christofer Björkelid; T. Alwyn Jones; Torsten Unge; Sherry L. Mowbray; William N. Hunter; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Tuberculosis; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; MEP pathway; CoA pathway; drug development; crystal structure; DXR; IspD; PanK; Biokemi; Biochemistry; Molecular Biology; Molekylärbiologi;

    Abstract : Tuberculosis, caused by the pathogenic bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is one of the most widespread and deadly infectious diseases today. Treatment of tuberculosis relies on antibiotics that were developed more than 50 years ago. These are now becoming ineffective due to the emergence of antibiotic resistant strains of the bacteria. READ MORE

  2. 2. Targeting Infectious Disease : Structural and functional studies of proteins from two RNA viruses and Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Author : Anna M. Jansson; T. Alwyn Jones; Sherry L. Mowbray; E. Yvonne Jones; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; RNA virus; coronavirus; alphacoronavirus; nsp1; TGEV; flavivirus; Modoc virus; NS5; methyltransferase; mRNA capping; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; tuberculosis; 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase; DXR; fosmidomycin analogues; MEP pathway; drug development; xray-crystallography; Biology with specialization in Structural Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot strukturbiologi; Biology with specialization in Molecular Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylärbiologi; Biokemi; Biochemistry; Medicinal Chemistry; Läkemedelskemi;

    Abstract : The recent emergence of a number of new viral diseases as well as the re-emergence of tuberculosis (TB), indicate an urgent need for new drugs against viral and bacterial infections.Coronavirus nsp1 has been shown to induce suppression of host gene expression and interfere with host immune response. READ MORE

  3. 3. Hit Identification and Hit Expansion in Antituberculosis Drug Discovery : Design and Synthesis of Glutamine Synthetase and 1-Deoxy-D-Xylulose-5-Phosphate Reductoisomerase Inhibitors

    Author : Anneli Nordqvist; Anders Karlén; Mats Larhed; Anders Hallberg; Anna Linusson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Tuberculosis; Glutamine synthetase; Imidazo[1; 2-a]pyridine analogues; Focused hierarchical design of experiments; DXR; Fosmidomycin analogues; 1-Deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate reductoisomerase; Cinnamaldehydes; Oxidative Heck reaction; Pharmaceutical chemistry; Läkemedelskemi; Medicinal Chemistry; Läkemedelskemi;

    Abstract : Since the discovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) as the bacterial agent causing tuberculosis, the permanent eradication of this disease has proven challenging. Although a number of drugs exist for the treatment of tuberculosis, 1.7 million people still die every year from this infection. READ MORE

  4. 4. Structural and Biochemical Characterizations of Three Potential Drug Targets from Pathogens

    Author : Lu Lu; Sherry L Mowbray; Alwyn Jones; Christian Cambillau; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; LepB; DXR; NDH-2; fosmidomycin; quinolinyl pyrimidine; Biology with specialization in Structural Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot strukturbiologi;

    Abstract : As antibiotic resistance of various pathogens emerged globally, the need for new effective drugs with novel modes of action became urgent. In this thesis, we focus on infectious diseases, e.g. READ MORE

  5. 5. Automatic image analysis for decision support in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis

    Author : Johan Kälvesten; Anders Persson; Torkel Brismar; Glenn Haugeberg; Claes Lundström; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Osteoporosis; rheumatoid arthritis; digital X-ray radiogrammetry; joint space width; bone densitometry;

    Abstract : Low-energy trauma and fragility fractures represent a major public health problem. The societal cost of the fragility fractures that occurred in Sweden 2010 has been estimated at €4 billion.In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), patient outcomes have improved greatly in recent years. READ MORE