Search for dissertations about: "Early detection of cancer"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 174 swedish dissertations containing the words Early detection of cancer.

  1. 1. Early detection of colorectal cancer

    Author : Louise Olsson; Örebro universitet; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Audit; colorectal cancer; diagnosis; faecal DNA; family history; population-based; survival; symptom duration.;

    Abstract : This thesis addresses the early detection of colorectal cancer from several aspects. An audit of the diagnostic process was conducted in 227/235 (97%) patients with recentlydiagnosed colorectal cancer in the County of Västmanland, Sweden in 1998-99. READ MORE

  2. 2. Type IV collagen in breast and colorectal cancer : a potential biomarker of metastatic disease

    Author : Moa Lindgren; Hanna Nyström; Ingrid Ljuslinder; Malin Sund; Kristian Pietras; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Colorectal cancer; colorectal liver metastases; breast cancer; breast cancer metastases; tumor marker; biomarker; stroma; type IV collagen;

    Abstract : Background: Metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and metastatic breast cancer (mBC) are two leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Early detection of metastatic disease is critical, and sensitive, easily accessed and cost-effective biomarkers that can diagnose mBC and mCRC at an early stage would have high clinical value. READ MORE

  3. 3. Cancer risk and predisposition in families with childhood cancer

    Author : Karl-Johan Stjernfelt; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cancer; Pediatric; Childhood Cancer; Heredity; Genetics; predisposition; Familial cancer;

    Abstract : BACKGROUND: Recent whole genome sequencing studies report that up to 6% of the childhood cancer population harbour a pathogenic variant. Identification of families with hereditary cancer may improve early detection of cancer as well as treatment outcome. READ MORE

  4. 4. Circulating markers of risk and etiology in colorectal cancer

    Author : Justin Harbs; Sophia Harlid; Bethany van Guelpen; Xijia Liu; Henrik Grönberg; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Colorectal cancer; CRC; sex hormones; colon cancer; DNA methylation; proteomics; risk; etiology; Cancer Epidemiology; cancerepidemiologi;

    Abstract : Background: Colorectal cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in men and women. Worldwide around 2 million individuals are diagnosed each year – a number expected to increase as colorectal cancer risk factors become more prevalent. READ MORE

  5. 5. Role of mitochondria in early molecular diagnosis and prognosis of cancer

    Author : Yanni Li; Allmänmedicin och klinisk epidemiologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cancer; mtDNA copy number; mitochondrial-related nuclear genes; mtDNA mutations; diagnosis; prognosis; biomarker;

    Abstract : Background:Earlier clinical detection of cancer may improve survival as well as offer opportunities for less invasive treatment options. This thesis explores whether the mitochondria and its related genes in the nuclear genome can be used as novel methods for the diagnosis and prognosis of cancers. READ MORE