Search for dissertations about: "Equity issue"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 22 swedish dissertations containing the words Equity issue.

  1. 1. Equity in welfare evaluations : the rationale for and effects of distributional weighting

    Author : Gunnel Bångman; Lars Hultkrantz; Fredrik Carlsson; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; weighted cost-benefit analysis; equity; distributional weights; social welfare; income distribution; risk aversion; social marginal value of income; altruism; paternalism; marginal utility of income; social inequality aversion; stated preferences; Economics; Nationalekonomi; Economics; Nationalekonomi;

    Abstract : This thesis addresses the issue of weighted cost-benefit analysis (WCBA). WCBA is a welfare evaluation model where income distribution effects are valued by distributional weighting. The method was developed already in the 1970s. The interest in and applications of this method have increased in the past decade, e. READ MORE

  2. 2. Making Equity in Public Transport Count

    Author : Isak Rubensson; Yusak Susilo; Oded Cats; Karst Geurs; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Public transport; Subsidies; Fare-schemes; Accessibility; Crowding; transport justice; Equity; Distribution; Gini index; Lorenz curves; Customer satisfaction; Service quality; Preferences; Reliability; Transportsystem; Transport Systems; Transportvetenskap; Transport Science;

    Abstract : Political and public focus on equity and justice outcomes of public policies is on the rise all over the world. Equity is both philosophically motivated and often decreed by law and in planning directives to be monitored when policies are changed, however oftentimes these equity assessments are vague, qualitative and carries low weight in policy decision processes. READ MORE

  3. 3. Stated preference methods and empirical analyses of equity in health economics

    Author : Peter Martinsson; Nationalekonomiska institutionen; []
    Keywords : SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; economic systems; economic theory; econometrics; Economics; contingent valuation; equity.; concentration index; Choice experiments; economic policy; Nationalekonomi; ekonometri; ekonomisk teori; ekonomiska system; ekonomisk politik;

    Abstract : This dissertation considers two different aspects of health economics; (i) stated preference methods and (ii) empirical analyses of equity. The first essay deals with the issue of the choice of econometric models when analysing data from a closed-ended contingent valuation survey in health economics. READ MORE

  4. 4. Share Liquidity and Corporate Efforts to Enhance it. A study on the Swedish Stock Exchange

    Author : Maria Gårdängen; Företagsekonomiska institutionen; []
    Keywords : SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Financial science; Cross-listing; Equity issue; Split; Market microstructure; Bid-ask spread; Share liquidity; Cost of capital; Finansiering;

    Abstract : All modern firms need access to capital markets at the lowest possible cost. Today's investors want to be able to increase or decrease their ownership rapidly, at low transaction costs and they demand return compensation for the trading costs they meet. READ MORE

  5. 5. Essays on information asymmetry, disclosures and the financing of R&D. The case of the biotechnology industry

    Author : Hans Jeppsson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; ; ; biotechnology; information asymmetry; disclosures; value-relevance; equity market timing; mispricing; adverse selection; monitoring; seasoned equity offerings; rights offerings; private placements; alliance;

    Abstract : Investments in research and development (R&D) are an important driver of innovation, productivity and economic growth. Despite the importance of R&D investments to society, it is commonly known that R&D activities are difficult to finance in a competitive marketplace. READ MORE