Search for dissertations about: "Ethanol"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 479 swedish dissertations containing the word Ethanol.

  1. 1. Ethanol from lignocellulose : Management of by-products of hydrolysis

    Author : Björn Alriksson; J Leif Jönsson; Vincent Eijsink; Karlstads universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Ethanol; Lignocellulose; Detoxification; Genetic engineering; Enzyme production; Biochemistry; Biokemi; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Abstract : Fuel ethanol can be produced from lignocellulosic materials, such as residues from agriculture and forestry. The polysaccharides of lignocellulose are converted to sugars by hydrolysis and the sugars can then be fermented to ethanol using microorganisms. However, during hydrolysis a wide range of by-products are also generated. READ MORE

  2. 2. Ethanol from lignocellulose : physiological effects of inhibitors and fermentation strategies

    Author : Mohammad J Taherzadeh; Chalmers Univ of Technology; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Acetic acid; Agents; Cellulose; Enzyme inhibition; Feedback control; Fermentation; Hydrolysis; Metabolites; pH; Physiology; Wood; Yeast; Dilute acid hydrolyzate; Inhibitors; Lignocellulose; Physiological effects; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Ethanol;

    Abstract : Fermentative ethanol production from dilute-acid hydrolyzates of wood using the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated. Of known inhibitors in hydrolyzates, acetic acid, furfural and hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF) were found in the highest concentrations (up to about 10 g/l). READ MORE

  3. 3. Fast Dynamic Processes in Solution Studied by NMR Spectroscopy

    Author : Mária Šoltésová; Jozef Kowalewski; Jan Lang; Gyula Batta; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Nuclear magnetic resonance; Dynamics; Ethanol; Cryptophanes; Saccharides; Nukleární magnetická rezonance; dynamika; ethanol; kryptofan; sacharidy; fysikalisk kemi; Physical Chemistry;

    Abstract : Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is capable to deliver a detailed information about the dynamics on molecular level in a wide range of time scales, especially if accompanied by suitably chosen theoretical tools. In this work, we employed a set of high-resolution NMR techniques to investigate dynamics processes in several weakly interacting molecular systems in solution. READ MORE

  4. 4. Ethanol Pulping of Reed Canary Grass

    Author : Helena Håkansson; Karlstads universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Pulping; Nonwood plants; Reed canary grass; Ethanol; Organosolv pulping; Statistical analysis; Chemical Engineering; Kemiteknik;

    Abstract : The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of processing an agricultural crop grown in Sweden to usable pulp. A further purpose was to study ethanol pulping applied to a non-wood raw material.The first part of this thesis deals with the criteria for selecting a fibre crop for further studies. READ MORE

  5. 5. Frame Analysis in Environmental Conflicts : The case of ethanol production in Brazil

    Author : Ester Galli; Ronald Wennersten; Tom Dwyer; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Brazil; biodiversity; biofuel; CO2 emissions; environmental conflict; ethanol; frame; frame analysis; land use change; sugarcane; sugarcane cutters; sustainable energy;

    Abstract : Governments and policy-makers are currently dealing with some key issues as energy security in countries dependent on oil imports; global economic development, including increased food production; and controlling global climate change and greenhouse gas emissions. The perception that biofuel could solve these challenges simultaneously has led to the implementation of policy and regulatory mechanisms on the mandatory use of biofuels, resulting in a sharp increase in biofuel production and consumption. READ MORE