Search for dissertations about: "Evolution"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 2540 swedish dissertations containing the word Evolution.

  1. 1. Biased Evolution : Causes and Consequences

    Author : Gerrit Brandis; Diarmaid Hughes; Erik Böttger; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Evolution; Codon usage bias; Post-transcriptional regulation; Recombination; Inversion; EF-Tu; Frameshift suppression; Antibiotic resistance; Rifampicin; Ciprofloxacin; Compensatory evolution; Drug efflux; RNA polymerase; DNA gyrase; Mikrobiologi; Microbiology;

    Abstract : In evolution alternative genetic trajectories can potentially lead to similar phenotypic outcomes. However, certain trajectories are preferred over others. These preferences bias the genomes of living organisms and the underlying processes can be observed in ongoing evolution. READ MORE

  2. 2. Encountering Evolution : Children's Meaning-Making Processes in Collaborative Interactions

    Author : Johanna Frejd; Magnus Hultén; Karin Stolpe; Konrad Schönborn; Christina Siry; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Meaning-making processes; Science Education; Evolution; Multimodality; Collaborative Interaction; Exploratory studies; Meningsskapandeprocesser; Naturvetenskapsundervisning; Evolution; Multimodalitet; Interaktion; Explorativa studier;

    Abstract : This thesis explores preschool class children’s meaning making processes when they encounter evolution. By adopting social semiotic and sociocultural perspectives on meaning making, three group-based tasks were designed. Video data from the activities were analysed using a multimodal approach. READ MORE

  3. 3. Modelling Evolution : From non-life, to life, to a variety of life

    Author : Yu Liu; David J. T. Sumpter; Peter Dittrich; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Mathematical biology; Biocomplexity; Artificial chemistry; Ecosystem evolution; Origin of life; Self-replication; Prebiotic evolution; Collectively-catalytic; Golden ratio; Tillämpad matematik och statistik; Applied Mathematics and Statistics;

    Abstract : Life is able to replicate itself, e.g., a microorganism is able to divide into two identical ones, and a single plant is able to forest a whole island. READ MORE

  4. 4. Experimental Evolution : and Fitness Effects of Mutations

    Author : Anna Knöppel; Dan I Andersson; Stanley Maloy; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Experimental evolution; Fitness effects; mutations; S20; fis; ribosome; horizontal gene transfer; adaptation; synonymous mutations; Mikrobiologi; Microbiology;

    Abstract : Bacteria have small, streamlined genomes and evolve rapidly. Their large population sizes allow selection to be the main driver of evolution. With advances in sequencing technologies and precise methods for genetic engineering, many bacteria are excellent models for studying elementary questions in evolutionary biology. READ MORE

  5. 5. Evolution of Vertebrate Endocrine and Neuronal Gene Families : Focus on Pituitary and Retina

    Author : Daniel Ocampo Daza; Dan Larhammar; Marc Robinson-Rechavi; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : phylogenetics; evolution; molecular evolution; gene family evolution; genome duplication; gene duplication; oxytocin receptor; vasopressin receptor; visual opsin; transducin; growth hormone; prolactin; somatolactin; growth hormone receptor; prolactin receptor; somatostatin receptor; SSTR; IGFBP; evolution; molekylär evolution; fylogeni;

    Abstract : The duplication of genes followed by selection is perhaps the most prominent way in which molecular biological systems gain multiplicity, diversity and functional complexity in evolution. Whole genome duplications (WGDs) therefore have the potential of generating an extraordinary amount of evolutionary innovation. READ MORE