Search for dissertations about: "FTIR spectra"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 31 swedish dissertations containing the words FTIR spectra.

  1. 1. Application of Infrared and UV-Visible Remote Sensing Techniques for Studying the Stratosphere and for Estimating Antrophogenic Emissions

    Author : Johan Mellqvist; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : stratospheric ozone; temperature dependence; non linearity; FTIR; VOC; flue gas; DOAS; long path FTIR; fugitive emissions;

    Abstract : Infrared and UV/visible broadband absorption techniques have been used in three applications related to environmental research and atmospheric science. The techniques are based on measuring the attenuation of light by the atmosphere in the infrared and UV/visible region, and since a very large number of species absorb light in these wavelength regions, the techniques studied allow the measurement of several species simultaneously. READ MORE

  2. 2. The choreography of protein vibrations : Improved methods of observing and simulating the infrared absorption of proteins

    Author : Eeva-Liisa Karjalainen; Andreas Barth; Astrid Gräslund; Timothy A. Keiderling; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Infrared spectroscopy; FTIR; protein; atpase; amyloid; caged compound; amide I; transition dipole coupling; exciton theory; simulation; Molecular biophysics; Molekylär biofysik; Biophysics; biofysik;

    Abstract : The work presented in this thesis has striven toward improving the capability to study proteins using infrared (IR) spectroscopy. This includes development of new and improved experimental and theoretical methods to selectively observe and simulate protein vibrations. READ MORE

  3. 3. A Study of the Interaction between the HOO radical and some small Molecules

    Author : Thomas Svensson; Kemisk fysik; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Fysikalisk kemi; Physical chemistry; ab initio; peroxy radical; molecular interactions; matrix isolation; FTIR; infrared; Chemistry; Kemi;

    Abstract : The HOO radical is a key intermediate in the atmosphere and is involved in a large number of reactions, including ozone loss cycles in the stratosphere and oxidation processes in the troposphere. This theses is a study of the HOO radical and its interactions with a number of small molecules that are present in the atmosphere. READ MORE

  4. 4. Computational infrared spectroscopy : Calculation of the amide I absorption of proteins

    Author : Cesare Michele Baronio; Andreas Barth; Sander Woutersen; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; infrared spectroscopy; FTIR; simulation; calculation; amide I; transition dipole coupling; F matrix; protein; amyloid β; oligomers; β-helix; Biophysics; biofysik;

    Abstract : Infrared spectroscopy is an important technique that allows to retrieve structural information from the analysis of absorption spectra. The main application of infrared spectroscopy within life science is the study of the amide I band, which is correlated with protein backbone conformation and, consequently, with the secondary structure of proteins. READ MORE

  5. 5. Novel on-line mid infrared detection strategies in capillary electrophoretic systems

    Author : Malin Kölhed; Bo Karlberg; Sven P. Jacobsson; Andre' J. Sommer; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; on-line hyphenation; mid infrared detection; capillary electrophoresis; FTIR; quantum cascade laser; aqueous samples; Analytical chemistry; Analytisk kemi;

    Abstract : Infrared absorption spectra can provide analytically useful information on a large variety of compounds, ranging from small ions to large biological molecules. In fact, all analytes that possess a dipole moment that changes during vibration are infrared-active. The infrared (IR) spectrum can be subdivided into far-, mid- and near- regions. READ MORE