Search for dissertations about: "Farmakognosi"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 78 swedish dissertations containing the word Farmakognosi.

  1. 1. Bioassay Development for Identification of Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors of Natural Origin

    Author : Therese Ringbom; Angelika Vollmar; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmacognosy; Farmakognosi; Pharmacognosy; Farmakognosi; Pharmacognosy; farmakognosi;

    Abstract : To examine cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitory effects of natural compounds and structurally related compounds, a radiochemical assay for measuring inhibition of COX-2 and COX-1 catalysed prostaglandin biosynthesis was optimised. That process resulted in the development of a reliable assay for finding COX-2 inhibitors in plants, and for investigating plant constituents pertaining to the inhibition of COX-2 and COX-1. READ MORE

  2. 2. ChemGPS-NP and the Exploration of Biologically Relevant Chemical Space

    Author : Josefin Rosén; Anders Backlund; Johan Gottfries; Robert Verpoorte; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmacognosy; Farmakognosi; Pharmacognosy; farmakognosi;

    Abstract : Chemical space is basically infinite, and comprises all molecules that could possibly exist. Intelligent ways to efficiently navigate through chemical space and to select promising compounds in drug discovery are important tasks, and the focus of this thesis. In this work a new model for chemical space navigation, ChemGPS-NP, was developed. READ MORE

  3. 3. Exploring evolutionary and chemical space using chemoinformatic tools and traditional methods in pharmacognosy

    Author : Astrid Henz Ryen; Anders Backlund; Thierry Kogej; Fernando B. Da Costa; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; angiosperm chemistry; physicochemical properties of plant specialized metabolites; chemical diversity; chemical space; sesquiterpene lactones; scaffold diversity; molecular framework; cluster analysis; ECFP6; Lindera benzoin; sesquiterpenes; anti-inflammatory; Farmakognosi; Pharmacognosy;

    Abstract : The number of new drugs coming to the market is declining while interest in lead discovery from natural resources is seeing a revival. Although methods for isolation and identification of natural products have advanced tremendously, methods for selection of potential leads have fallen behind. READ MORE

  4. 4. LL-37-derived cyclic antimicrobial drug leads : Design, synthesis, activity and different ways of creating them 

    Author : Taj Muhammad; Ulf Göransson; Sunithi Gunasekera; Adam A. Strömstedt; Wang Guangshun; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : antimicrobial peptide; host defense; antimicrobial; LL-37; KR-12; peptide cyclisation; peptide dimerisation; croos-linking; cyanobactin-macrocyclase; PatGmac; butelase 1; enzymatic cyclisation; immobilisation; Farmakognosi; Pharmacognosy;

    Abstract : In an era where last-line antibiotics are failing, one of the powerful approaches to develop novel therapeutic agents is to turn back to nature in order to identify possible drug candidates. Among the potential candidates, antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have garnered much attention as an antimicrobial. READ MORE

  5. 5. Distribution and Chemical Diversity of Cyclotides from Violaceae : Impact of Structure on Cytotoxic Activity and Membrane Interactions

    Author : Robert Burman; Ulf Göransson; Lars Bohlin; William Gerwick; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cyclotide; Violaceae; Viola; Cytotoxic; Mechanism; In vivo; Structure-activity; Membrane; Mass spectrometry; Pharmacognosy; Farmakognosi; Pharmacognosy; Farmakognosi;

    Abstract : During the last decade there has been increased interest in the cyclotide protein family, which consist of a circular chain of approximately 30 amino acids, including six cysteines that form three disulfide bonds, arranged in a cyclic cystine knot motif. This thesis gives new insights in cyclotide distribution and occurrence in the plant family Violaceae, structure-activity relationships for cytotoxic effects, membrane disruption and adsorption on lipid membranes, and evaluates toxicity and anti-tumor activity in vivo. READ MORE