Search for dissertations about: "Fennoscandia"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 60 swedish dissertations containing the word Fennoscandia.

  1. 1. Late Holocene spatiotemporal hydroclimatic variability over Fennoscandia inferred from tree-rings

    Author : Kristina Seftigen; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : Tree-rings; Fennoscandia; hydroclimate; SPEI; SPI; ring-width; maximum latewood density; stable isotopes; field reconstruction; point-by-point regression;

    Abstract : There is a broad scientific consensus that the global climate is changing, and that human activity is a significant factor contributing to the change. The response of the hydrological cycle to the warming is far reaching, including increases in the intensification and frequency of extreme hydroclimatological events. READ MORE

  2. 2. Soil Organic Matter Dynamics and Methane Fluxes at the Forest – Tundra Ecotone in Fennoscandia

    Author : Sofie Sjögersten; Gaius Shaver; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Decomposition; forest – tundra ecotone; environmental change; Fennoscandia; methane; soil organic matter; subarctic.; naturgeografi; Physical Geography;

    Abstract : This thesis presents results from several studies that have focused on the carbon and nutrient dynamics in soils at the forest – tundra ecotone in Fennoscandia. The main objectives of the study were: (i) to investigate the links between the physical environment, above-ground vegetation communities, soil carbon storage, nutrient status and the chemical composition of the soil organic matter (SOM), and (ii) to quantify trace gas fluxes (methane and carbon dioxide) between mesic soils and the atmosphere. READ MORE

  3. 3. Holocene climate and atmospheric circulation changes in northern Fennoscandia : Interpretations from lacustrine oxygen isotope records

    Author : Christina E. Jonsson; Gunhild Rosqvist; Jan Seibert; Philip Barker; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; oxygen isotope; diatom silica; lake sediment; atmospheric circulation; North Atlantic Oscillation; northern Fennoscandia; The Holocene; Little Ice Age; Physical geography; Naturgeografi; Physical Geography; naturgeografi;

    Abstract : This thesis investigates how variations in the oxygen isotopic composition of lake waters in northern Fennoscandia are recorded in lake sediment archives, especially diatoms, and how these variations can be used to infer past changes in climate and atmospheric circulation. Results from analyses of the oxygen isotopic composition of lake water samples (δ18Olakew) collected between 2001 and 2006 show that δ18O of northern Fennoscandian lakes is mainly controlled by the isotopic composition of the precipitation (δ18Op). READ MORE

  4. 4. A green future with thawing permafrost mires? : a study of climate-vegetatiojn interactions in European subarctic peatlands

    Author : Julia Bosiö; Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Fennoscandia; carbon; greenhouse gas; photosynthesis; PAR; snow; climate change; permafrost; peatland; subarctic;

    Abstract : Climate projections indicate that Arctic and sub-Arctic regions are facing a significant change in climate during the 21st century. With warmer temperatures precipitation is also expected to increase, and in particular winter precipitation. READ MORE

  5. 5. Testing palaeomagnetic and 14C based geochronological methods in the Baltic Sea

    Author : Bryan Lougheed; Kvartärgeologi; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Baltic Sea; coastal; geochronology; palaeomagnetic secular variation; PSV; radiocarbon; 14C; reservoir age; R t ; ΔR; salinity; δ18O; geomagnetic field; Holocene; deglacial; Fennoscandia.;

    Abstract : The Baltic Sea is a continental shelf sea that is influenced by both river runoff and marine water. The two water masses are vertically stratified in the Baltic Sea, resulting in a positive, estuarine circulation system, which has undergone changes in the past due to isostatic uplift of the Baltic basin. READ MORE