Search for dissertations about: "Forest transitions"

Found 3 swedish dissertations containing the words Forest transitions.

  1. 1. Felling Forests from Afar: Quantifying Deforestation Driven by Agricultural Expansion and International Trade

    Author : Florence Pendrill; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Forest transitions; Land cover; Carbon footprints; Agriculture; Forestry; Carbon emissions; Land use; International trade; Deforestation;

    Abstract : Deforestation is a major source of human-caused greenhouse gas emissions and the largest threat to terrestrial biodiversity. Most forest loss is due to the expansion of agricultural land use increasingly driven by international demand for food, fuel and fibre. READ MORE

  2. 2. Tree-limit ecotonal response to Holocene climate change in the Scandes Mountains of west-central Sweden

    Author : Jonas Bergman; Kvartärgeologi; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; tree-limit ecotone; alpine vegetation; tephrochronology; peat humification; plant macrofossils; Palaeobotany; fylogeni; Paleobotanik; palynology; phylogeny; palynologi; Geologi; Geology; pedology; geomorphology; Physical geography; klimatologi; geomorfologi; climatology; Fysisk geografi; cartography; Holocene climate; palaeoecology; marklära; kartografi; pollen influx;

    Abstract : The aim of this thesis was to reconstruct the Holocene vegetational and climatic development in the Sylarna-Storulvån area, western Jämtland, in the central Scandes Mountains. Temporal trends and fluctuations in the elevation and vegetational character of the tree-limit ecotone were studied mainly by means of pollen and plant macrofossil analysis of two lake sediment sequences (Lakes Stentjärn and Spåime), located above the present-day tree-limit. READ MORE

  3. 3. The significance of ethylene and ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTORS in wood formation of hybrid aspen

    Author : Bernard Wessels; Hannele Tuominen; Judith Felten; Totte Niittylä; Kurt Fagerstedt; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ethylene; wood formation; hybrid aspen; Populus; ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR; ERF85; ERF139; cambium; lignin; xylem expansion; secondary cell wall; tension wood; cambial derivative cell fate; vessel element; time-lapse photography; molekylär bioteknik inst f nat vet biokemi ; molecular biotechnology dept of biochem ; genetik; Genetics; Physiological Botany; fysiologisk botanik;

    Abstract : The woody tissues serve to stabilise plants, store nutrients and translocate water and minerals. The formation of wood, or ’secondary xylem’, follows a well-defined developmental gradient which is initiated by cell division activity in the vascular cambium. READ MORE