Search for dissertations about: "Free clusters"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 81 swedish dissertations containing the words Free clusters.

  1. 1. Free Molecular and Metal Clusters Studied by Synchrotron Radiation Based Electron Spectroscopy

    Author : Aldana Rosso; Svante Svensson; Olle Björneholm; Maxim Tchaplyguine; Gunnar Öhrwall; Uwe Hergenhahn; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; nanoparticles; free clusters; molecular clusters; metal clusters; photoelectron spectroscopy; synchrotron radiation; local structure; core level spectroscopy; auger spectroscopy; heterogeneous clusters; nucleation; bromomethane; chloromethane; benzene; bromobenzene; chlorobenzene; potassium; sodium; simple metals; Physics; Fysik;

    Abstract : The main purpose of this Thesis is the experimental characterization of the electronic and geometric structures of objects called clusters. A cluster consists of a finite group of bound atoms or molecules. Due to its finite size, it may present completely different properties than those of the isolated atom and the bulk. READ MORE

  2. 2. Free Clusters Studied by Synchrotron-Based X-ray Spectroscopy: From Rare Gases to Metals

    Author : Sergey Peredkov; Synkrotronljusfysik; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; supraconductors; magnetic resonance; relaxation; spectroscopy; magnetic and optical properties; rare-gas clusters; Condensed matter:electronic structure; electrical; metal clusters; photoemission; synchrotron radiation; core-level spectroscopy; Auger decay; XPS; nano-particles; free clusters; egenskaper elektriska; spektroskopi; magnetisk resonans; magnetiska och optiska ; supraledare; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:elektronstruktur;

    Abstract : The main topic of this Thesis is the x-ray spectroscopic studies of free nano-clusters with size more than 10^3 atoms. The photoelectron spectroscopy experiments on rare gas and metal clusters were performed at beamline I411 at MAX-lab National Swedish synchrotron radiation facility. Free rare-gas clusters are simplest objects in cluster research. READ MORE

  3. 3. Free Metal Clusters Studied by Photoelectron Spectroscopy

    Author : Tomas Andersson; Olle Björneholm; Maxim Tchaplyguine; Paolo Piseri; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; clusters; nanoparticles; electronic structure; photoelectron spectroscopy; synchrotron radiation; surface segregation; nanoalloys; size-dependence; metallicity; plasmons; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik;

    Abstract : Clusters are aggregates of a finite number of atoms or molecules. In the present work, free clusters out of metallic parent materials have been created and studied by synchrotron radiation-based photoelectron spectroscopy. The clusters have been formed and studied in a beam and the electronic structure of the clusters has been investigated. READ MORE

  4. 4. Photoelectron Spectroscopy on Atoms, Molecules and Clusters : The Geometric and Electronic Structure Studied by Synchrotron Radiation and Lasers

    Author : Torbjörn Rander; Olle Björneholm; Gunnar Öhrwall; Maxim Tchaplyguine; Matthias Neeb; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Atomic and molecular physics; Free clusters; Electron spectroscopy; Doped clusters; Laser excitation; Alkali metals; Electronic structure; Geometric structure; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy XPS ; Resonant Auger spectroscopy RAS ; Near-threshold x-ray absorption fine structure NEXAFS ; Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy UPS ; Detuning; Ultra-fast dissociation UFD ; Sodium; Potassium; Oxygen; Bromomethane; Argon; Xenon; Krypton; Molecular field splitting; Core hole lifetime; Core excitation; Atom- och molekylfysik;

    Abstract : Atoms, molecules and clusters all constitute building blocks of macroscopic matter. Therefore, understanding the electronic and geometrical properties of such systems is the key to understanding the properties of solid state objects. READ MORE

  5. 5. Free Neutral Clusters and Liquids Studied by Electron Spectroscopy and Lineshape Modeling

    Author : Henrik Bergersen; Olle Björneholm; Svante Svensson; Gunnar Öhrwall; Maxim Tchaplyguine; Hans Ågren; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Physics; Clusters; Nano-particles; XPS; UPS; AES; Radial structure; Molecular dynamics; Density functional theory; Liquids; Liquid microjet; Solvation; Fysik;

    Abstract : The electronic and geometrical structure of free neutral clusters and liquids have been studied using synchrotron-radiation based photoelectron and Auger electron spectroscopy in combination with lineshape modeling. A novel experimental setup has been developed for studies of liquids, based on the liquid microjet technique. READ MORE