Search for dissertations about: "GS"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 77 swedish dissertations containing the word GS.

  1. 1. Identification of abnormally expressed genes in skeletal muscle contributing to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes

    Author : Xudong Huang; Malmö Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Endocrinology; secreting systems; diabetology; Endokrinologi; gene expression; high-fat intake; RT-PCR; mitochondrial genes; cathepsin L; Shc; IRS-2; IRS-1; GS; cDNA differential display; Insulin resistance; type 2 diabetes; sekretion; diabetologi;

    Abstract : The metabolic defects of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes can result from changes in gene expression and protein functions due to genetic and environmental influences. The aim of this study was to identify abnormally expressed genes associated with insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes, and further to test whether possible defects are inherited or acquired. READ MORE

  2. 2. Regulation of Glutamine Synthetase in the Diazotroph Rhodospirillum rubrum

    Author : Anders Jonsson; Stefan Nordlund; Karl Forchhammer; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; glutamine synthetase; Rhodospirillum rubrum; GlnE; PII; Biochemistry; Biokemi; biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Abstract : The bacterial cell needs ammonia for synthesis of glutamine from glutamate. Only one enzyme is able to catalyze this reaction, namely glutamine synthetase (GS). GS can be regulated both transcriptionally and post-translationally and it is present in all kingdoms of life. READ MORE

  3. 3. Human glycogen synthase genes. Role in insulin resistance and hypoglycaemia

    Author : Marju Orho-Melander; diabetes och endokrinologi Genomik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mutation; GYS2; GYS1; glycogen synthase; glycogen; insulin resistance; hypoglycaemia; liver glycogen synthase deficiency; glycogen storage disease type 0; Type 2 diabetes; metabolic syndrome; expression; chromosome 19; 19q13.3; Endocrinology; secreting systems; diabetology; Endokrinologi; sekretion; diabetologi;

    Abstract : Effective insulin-stimulated storage of excess glucose after a meal, and its rapid mobilisation in the fasting state provide basis of glucose homeostasis. Glycogen is the macromolecular storage form of glucose and glycogen synthase (GS) is the rate-limiting enzyme in glycogen synthesis. Skeletal muscle and liver are the major depots of glycogen. READ MORE

  4. 4. Molecular aspects of glutathione synthetase deficiency

    Author : Runa Vidar Njålsson; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : Glutathione synthetase; kinetics; cooperativity; substrate affinity; splice mutations; phenotype; genotype;

    Abstract : The tripeptide glutathione (GSH) is involved in several crucial pathways in the cell, for instance regulation of enzyme activity, DNA synthesis, and free radical scavenging. Synthesis of GSH takes place via two steps in the gamma-glutamyl cycle. READ MORE

  5. 5. Hit Identification and Hit Expansion in Antituberculosis Drug Discovery : Design and Synthesis of Glutamine Synthetase and 1-Deoxy-D-Xylulose-5-Phosphate Reductoisomerase Inhibitors

    Author : Anneli Nordqvist; Anders Karlén; Mats Larhed; Anders Hallberg; Anna Linusson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Tuberculosis; Glutamine synthetase; Imidazo[1; 2-a]pyridine analogues; Focused hierarchical design of experiments; DXR; Fosmidomycin analogues; 1-Deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate reductoisomerase; Cinnamaldehydes; Oxidative Heck reaction; Pharmaceutical chemistry; Läkemedelskemi; Medicinal Chemistry; Läkemedelskemi;

    Abstract : Since the discovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) as the bacterial agent causing tuberculosis, the permanent eradication of this disease has proven challenging. Although a number of drugs exist for the treatment of tuberculosis, 1.7 million people still die every year from this infection. READ MORE