Search for dissertations about: "HIV infections epidemiology"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 18 swedish dissertations containing the words HIV infections epidemiology.

  1. 1. Epidemiological aspects of tuberculosis in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa

    Author : Per Gustafson; Enheten för infektionssjukdomar; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; tuberculin skin test; Infections; Infektioner; survival; mortality; case fatality rate; risk factor; incidence; Guinea-Bissau; Africa; epidemiology; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; HIV-2; HIV-1; HIV; Tbc; Tuberculosis; TB;

    Abstract : Tuberculosis (TB) has plagued the humanity for several thousands of years. The bacteria causing TB is mainly spread from person to person as an aerosol transmission. It is estimated that one third of the world’s population is infected with the disease; about 10% of these will develop active TB during their lifetime. READ MORE

  2. 2. HIV/AIDS in Sweden and the United Kingdom : policy networks 1982-1992

    Author : Dagmar von Walden Laing; Peter Garpenby; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; HIV infections epidemiology; HIV infections prevention contro; l Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome epidemiology; Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome prevention control; Disease outbreaks; Communicable disease control; Sweden; Great Britain; AIDS; HIV; politiska aspekter; Sverige; Storbritannien; statsvetenskap; Political Science;

    Abstract : The focus of this study is on the development and influence of HIV/AIDS policy networks in Sweden and United Kingdom during the period 1982-92, from the period when the lethal disease which was later named AIDS first appeared in the two countries, to the time when HIV/AIDS policy was integrated into the main policy field of infectious diseases. The networks are defined as structural arrangements between organisations and individuals, who are in frequent contact with one another in order to prevent HIV infection, to reduce the personal and social impact of HIV infection, and to care for those already infected. READ MORE

  3. 3. Invasive Pneumococcal Infections

    Author : Erik Backhaus; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : Streptococcus pneumoniae; epidemiology; risk factors; pneumonia; meningitis; serotype; clonal complex;

    Abstract : Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of disease, ranging from uncomplicated respiratory infections to severe invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), including bacteraemic pneumonia, septicaemia with unknown focus and meningitis. Case fatality rate (CFR) remains high and antibiotic resistance is increasing globally. S. READ MORE

  4. 4. HIV-1 infection of the central nervous system. Markers of pathogenesis and antiretroviral treatment effects

    Author : Sahra Abdulle; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : HIV-1; cerebrospinal fluid; antiretroviral therapy; neopterin; beta2-microglobulin; CSF HIV-1 RNA; blood-brain barrier; IgG index; HIV-related neurological diseases; AIDS Dementia Complex; neurofilament protein; HIV-1 genetic subtypes;

    Abstract : Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) invades the central nervous system (CNS) early in the course of infection and either directly or through opportunistic infections causes a spectrum of neurological complications. The most severe manifestation of HIV-1 CNS infection is AIDS Dementia Complex (ADC), which occurs in approximately 20% of untreated patients with AIDS. READ MORE

  5. 5. Bridging the Gap : implementing tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS collaborative activities in the Northwest Region of Cameroon

    Author : Barnabas N Njozing; Anna-Karin Hurtig; Miguel San Sebastian Chasco; Kerstin E Edin; Pius Muffih Tih; John D Porter; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Tuberculosis; HIV AIDS; collaborative activities; Northwest Region; Cameroon.; Public health science; Folkhälsovetenskap; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Abstract : Introduction The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic has led to the upsurge of tuberculosis (TB) infection globally, but most especially in areas with high HIV prevalence. In the past, there was lack of a coordinated global and national response between TB and HIV programmes to curb the devastating impacts of both infections. READ MORE