Search for dissertations about: "HIV-TB"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 10 swedish dissertations containing the word HIV-TB.

  1. 1. Evidence-based decision support in HIV/TB care: designing treatment, monitoring, and assessment support for care providers

    Author : Carolina Wannheden; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : Introduction: HIV and tuberculosis (TB) coinfection, which is a major challenge for healthcare systems worldwide, requires effective strategies to support care providers in applying best clinical evidence in making treatment decisions about the care of individ- ual patients. Clinical decision support (CDS) systems have the potential to facilitate the implementation of evidence-based guidelines in clinical practice. READ MORE

  2. 2. GIS and Health: Enhancing Disease Surveillance and Intervention through Spatial Epidemiology

    Author : Augustus Aturinde; Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; spatial epidemiology; spatial econometrics; HIV-TB; CVD; cancer;

    Abstract : The success of an evidence-based intervention depends on precise and accurate evaluation of available data and information. Here, the use of robust methods for evidence evaluation is important. Epidemiology, in its conventional form, relies on statistics and mathematics to draw inferences on disease dynamics in affected populations. READ MORE

  3. 3. Optimization of HIV and tuberculosis co-treatment in Tanzania : drug-drug interactions and clinical outcomes

    Author : Sabina Mugusi; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; HIV;

    Abstract : Background: Sub-Saharan Africa has been greatly affected by the HIV epidemic, with an estimated 23.5 million people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) residing within this region by the end of 2011, being the leading course of morbidity and mortality. Tanzania is one of the countries in this region with an HIV prevalence of 5.7% i. READ MORE

  4. 4. Pharmacogenetic aspects of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria : emphasis on Ugandan population

    Author : Jackson Kijumba B. Mukonzo; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : Infectious diseases such as HIV, tuberculosis and malaria are endemic in Africa and often require concomitant treatments that may result into subsequent drug–drug interactions. Inter-individual variability in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs used in infectious diseases, as a result of genetic polymorphism, has been reported. READ MORE

  5. 5. Aspects of Tuberculosis and HIV Coinfection in Patients at Ethiopian Health Centers

    Author : Sten Skogmar; Enheten för infektionssjukdomar; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; HIV; TB; clinical scoring; TB screening; CD4 cell count; immunosuppression; immune activation;

    Abstract : HIV and tuberculosis (TB) remain the two most common infectious causes of death worldwide. During the recent decade antiretroviral treatment (ART) has become available for millions of people living with HIV (PLHIV) globally; yet more than half of PLHIV have not yet initiated ART. READ MORE