Search for dissertations about: "HMF"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 17 swedish dissertations containing the word HMF.

  1. 1. The effect on chromosomal stability of some dietary constituents

    Author : Louise Durling; Per Eriksson; Jan Alexander; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Biology; Genotoxicity; chromosomal stability; heterocyclic amines; furan; HMF; folic acid; micronucleus test; comet assay; Biologi;

    Abstract : When food is heated, a vast number of compounds are formed. Some of these are known to be toxic. Among these are furan, HMF, PhIP, IQ, and MeIQx, the subjects of this thesis. All these compounds are known or suspected carcinogens but the detailed mechanisms behind their carcinogenicity have not yet been fully examined. READ MORE

  2. 2. Ethanol from Lignocellulose: Physiological Effects of Inhibitors and Fermentation Strategies

    Author : Mohammad Taherzadeh Esfahani; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : fermentation; dilute-acid hydrolyzate; ethanol; hydroxymethyl furfural; furfural; acetic acid; lignocellulose; fed-batch; yeast; pantothenate; control; inhibition; HMF;

    Abstract : Fermentative ethanol production from dilute-acid hydrolyzates of wood using the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated. Of known inhibitors in hydrolyzates, acetic acid, furfural and hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF) were found in the highest concentrations (up to about 10 g/l). READ MORE

  3. 3. Efficient Conversion of Lignocellulose Hydrolysates- Yeast Tolerance and Redox Metabolism

    Author : Tobias Modig; Institutionen för kemiteknik; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Metabolism; Biokemi; metabolism; hyperosmotic stress; Biochemistry; S. cerevisiae; anaerobic growth; inhibitor tolerance; furfural; lignocellulose; HMF; Biotechnology; Bioteknik;

    Abstract : The fermentation of lignocellulose hydrolysates by Saccharomyces cerevisiae for ethanol production was investigated. An important problem for the successful conversion of these hydrolysates is that they often are inhibitory. READ MORE

  4. 4. Towards More Robust Saccharomyces cerevisiae Strains for Lignocellulosic Bioethanol Production: Lessons from process concepts and physiological investigations

    Author : Magnus Ask; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; transcriptome; SHF; glutathione; SSF; furfural; redox metabolism; Arundo donax; Lignocellulosic bioethanol; spruce; HMF;

    Abstract : Dwindling oil reserves and the negative impacts of fossil fuels on the environment call for more sustainable energy sources. First-generation bioethanol produced from sugar cane and corn has met some of these needs, but it competes with the food supply for raw materials. READ MORE

  5. 5. Improving the Response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to Lignocellulosic Hydrolysate Inhibitors in Ethanolic Fermentation

    Author : Joao Almeida; Teknisk mikrobiologi; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; furfural; ethanol; fermentation; phenolics; furaldehyde; HMF; ADH1; xylose reductase; tolerance; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Lignocellulosic hydrolysate inhibitors; ADH6;

    Abstract : The production of ethanol based on lignocellulosic biomass requires the fermentation of a hydrolysate containing hexose and pentose sugars in an inhibitory environment. In fact, the lignocellulosic hydrolysate obtained from pretreatment and hydrolysis of the raw material contains a variety of inhibitory compounds, including (i) the furaldehydes 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde (HMF) and 2-furaldehyde (furfural), (ii) weak acids (e. READ MORE