Search for dissertations about: "Health care sector"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 137 swedish dissertations containing the words Health care sector.

  1. 1. Health for community dwelling older people : trends, inequalities, needs and care in rural Vietnam

    Author : Le Van Hoi; Lars Lindholm; Truong Viet Dung; Pham Thang; Nguyen Thi Kim Chuc; Zarina Kabir; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; older people; elderly health; health status; life expectancy; health-related quality of life; EQ-5D; mobility; self-care; usual activities; pain; discomfort; anxiety; depression; activity of daily living; basic ADL; instrumental ADL; intellectual ADL; non-communicable diseases; need of care; health service; model of care; mobile team; day care centre; nursing centre; inequalities; cost of care; socioeconomic; education; marital status; living arrangement; household head; working status; living area; wealth quintile; poverty line; community; cohort study; household survey; focus group discussion; qualitative research; rural; Vietnam; developing country; Asia; người cao tuổi; y tế; thực trạng sức khỏe; hy vọng sống; chất lượng cuộc sống; EQ-5D; đi lại; tự chăm sóc; hoạt động thường xuyên; đau; khó chịu; lo lắng; trầm cảm; hoạt động hàng ngày; bệnh không lây nhiễm; nhu cầu chăm sóc; dịch vụ y tế; mô hình chăm sóc; đội lưu động; trung tâm chăm sóc ban ngày; trung tâm dưỡng lão; bất bình đẳng; chi phí chăm sóc; kinh tế xã hội; giáo dục; hôn nhân; sắp xếp cuộc sống; chủ hộ; tình trạng làm việc; khu vực sống; ngũ phân thịnh vượng; chuẩn nghèo; cộng đồng; nghiên cứu theo dõi dọc; điều tra hộ gia đình; thảo luận nhóm tập trung; nghiên cứu định tính; nông thôn; Việt Nam; nước đang phát triển; châu Á; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Abstract : Background InVietnam, the proportion of people aged 60 and above has increased rapidly in recent decades. The majority live in rural areas where socioeconomic status is more disadvantaged than in urban areas.Vietnam’s economic status is improving but disparities in income and living conditions are widening between groups and regions. READ MORE

  2. 2. Evaluation of a primary health care strategy implemented in a market-oriented health system : the case of Bogota, Colombia

    Author : Paola Andrea Mosquera Méndez; Miguel San Sebastián; Kjerstin Dahlblom; Roman Vega; Pol De Vos; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Primary health care; outcomes assessment; health services evaluation; population health; health equity; health policy implementation; Bogota; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Abstract : Introduction: Despite Colombia having adopted a health system based on an insurance market, Bogota in 2004, as part of a left-wing government (elected for first time in the city), decided to implement a Primary Health Care (PHC) strategy to improve quality of life, level of population health and reduce health inequities. The PHC strategy has been implemented through the HomeHealth program by three consecutive governments over the last eight years in the context of continuous political tension stemming from differences between national and district health policies. READ MORE

  3. 3. Decentralization and National Health Policy Implementation in Uganda - a Problematic Process

    Author : Anders Jeppsson; Malmö Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; epidemiology; Public health; Uganda.; policy diffusion; policy translation; policy implementation; decentralization; health care systems; primary health care; health sector reform; Ministry of health; health policy; Folkhälsa; epidemiologi; Social medicine; Socialmedicin; samhällsmedicin;

    Abstract : The Ugandan Government has aimed at creating a needs-based and cost-effective health care system. The means to carry out this aim have been 1) a decentralization of the health sector in order to increase lower-level responsibility, accountability, and participation, and 2) a strong national policy formulation capacity, facilitating needs assessment and cost-effective prioritization. READ MORE

  4. 4. Budgetary control in public health care : a study about perceptions of budgetary control among clinical directors

    Author : Pia Nylinder; Anders Anell; Gert Paulsson; Lars-Göran Aidemark; Sweden Lund University; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Public sector organizations; Primary health care; Hospital Health care; Clinical directors; Budgetary control; Företagsekonomi; Business administration;

    Abstract : Health care expenditures have increased rapidly in most OECD-countries, and several reforms have been considered for the improvement of cost-containment in the health care sector. Physicians in particular have been recognized to have considerable impact on health care expenditures and as a result they have become increasingly involved in budgetary control with the hope of a more efficient use of resources. READ MORE

  5. 5. Strengthening fairness, transparency and accountability in health care priority setting at district level in Tanzania : opportunities, challenges and the way forward

    Author : Stephen Maluka; Anna-Karin Hurtig; Miguel San Sebastian; Norman Daniels; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; decentralisation; health care; accountability for reasonableness; priority setting; health systems; Tanzania; Public health science; Folkhälsovetenskap; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Abstract : Background During the 1990s, Tanzania, like many other developing countries, adopted health sector reforms. The most common policy change under health sector reforms has been decentralisation, which involves the transfer of power and authority from the central levels to the local governments. READ MORE