Search for dissertations about: "Health expenditure"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 123 swedish dissertations containing the words Health expenditure.

  1. 1. Catastrophic health expenditure in Vietnam : studies of problems and solutions

    Author : Curt Löfgren; Klas-Göran Sahlén; Anna-Karin Hurtig; Thanh Nguyen; Lars Lindholm; Karen Hofman; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Catastrophic health expenditure; impoverishment; elderly; health insurance; Vietnam; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Abstract : Background: In Vietnam, problems of high out-of-pocket payments for health, leading to catastrophic health expenditure and resulting impoverishment for vulnerable groups, has been at focus in the past decades. Since the beginning of the 1990’s, the Vietnamese government has launched a series of social health insurance reforms to increase prepayment in the health sector and thereby better protect the population from the financial consequences of health problems. READ MORE

  2. 2. Inequalities in non-communicable diseases in urban Hanoi, Vietnam : health care utilization, expenditure and responsiveness of commune health stations

    Author : Vu Duy Kien; Nawi Ng; Lars Weinehall; Malin Eriksson; Alexandra Krettek; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; socioeconomic inequalities; non-communicable diseases; health care utilization; catastrophic health expenditure; impoverishment; health system; commune health stations; Hanoi; Vietnam; Epidemiology; epidemiologi;

    Abstract : Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among adults in Vietnam. Little is known about the magnitude of socioeconomic inequalities in NCDs and other NCD-related factors in urban areas, in particular among the poor living in slum areas. READ MORE

  3. 3. Swedish Pharmaceutical Benefit Reforms ?Analyses of implementation, pharmaceutical sales patterns and expenditures

    Author : Karolina Andersson; Göteborgs universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; pharmaceutical policy; health care reform; reimbursement; co-payment; reference-based pricing; generic substitution; drug cost; cost sharing;

    Abstract : Background: Over the last few decades, the sales of prescription drugs have increased dramatically in many western countries; however, this increase requires individuals and society to bear larger economic consequences. To improve cost control for pharmaceuticals, several reforms attempt to reconcile the economic responsibility of the patients, prescribers and third party payers. READ MORE

  4. 4. Exposure assessment for the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders

    Author : Istvan Balogh; Avdelningen för arbets- och miljömedicin; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Yrkesmedicin; industrial medicine; Occupational health; heart rate; interindividual variation; index; arbetsmiljömedicin; job strain; Questionnaire; mechanical exposure;

    Abstract : Work-related musculoskeletal disorders of shoulder/neck are a major and increasing problem. Beside the pain, they involve high cost for the employer and society. The total expenditure for the musculoskeletal disorders of the neck and upper limb have been estimated to 0.5-2. READ MORE

  5. 5. The Bumpy Road to Universal Health Coverage : Access to Primary and Emergency Care in Rural Tropical Ecuador

    Author : Martin Eckhardt; Magnus Falk; Tomas Faresjö; Birger Forsberg; Miguel San Sebastián; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : Background: By the turn of the new millennium 84% of families in rural coastal Ecuador had difficulties to access health services. A health reform some years earlier to improve this situation had not been implemented. READ MORE