Search for dissertations about: "Hereditary cancer"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 84 swedish dissertations containing the words Hereditary cancer.

  1. 1. Risk and survival for colorectal cancer in northern Sweden : sociodemographic factors and surveillance programs

    Author : Olle Sjöström; Beatrice S. Melin; Lars H Lindholm; Richard Palmqvist; Johannes Blom; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Colorectal cancer; Risk factors; Cancer epidemiology; Endoscopy general; Health economy; Cancer prevention; Hereditary colorectal; Surveillance colonoscopy; Cancer Epidemiology; cancerepidemiologi; Genetics; genetik; Surgery; kirurgi; Oncology; onkologi;

    Abstract : BackgroundColorectal cancer (CRC) – i.e., cancer in the colon or rectum – is one of the most common cancers both globally and in Sweden. The risk for CRC is mainly related to age, heredity, and life-style risk factors. READ MORE

  2. 2. Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer - Molecular Genetics and Biology of Associated Tumors

    Author : Maria Planck; Bröstcancer-genetik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; endometrial cancer; rectal cancer; colon cancer; mismatch repair protein expression; coding repeats; microsatellite instability; MSH6; MSH2; Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer; MLH1; small bowel cancer; Cytology; oncology; cancerology; Cytologi; onkologi; cancer;

    Abstract : This thesis focuses on one of the most common types of hereditary cancer, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). This syndrome is characterized by an autosomal dominant inheritance, an increased risk for several types of cancer (especially cancer of the colorectum, small bowel, endometrium, ovary and urinary tract), early age at diagnosis, and frequent development of multiple primary malignancies. READ MORE

  3. 3. Genomic Profiling, Mutations and Deranged Signaling in Esophageal Cancer and Hereditary Colorectal Cancer

    Author : Anna Isinger Ekstrand; Institutionen för immunteknologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Esophageal cancer; hereditary cancer; HNPCC; copy number analysis; CGH; gene expression; Wnt; PIK3CA; CHEK2; gastric cancer; colorectal cancer;

    Abstract : Esophageal cancer and colorectal cancer represents two major types of gastrointestinal tumors. Though refined surgery and introduction of novel chemotherapeutics have improved outcome, more than 2500 Swedes die from these diseases every year. Novel markers for early diagnosis, prognosis and treatment prediction are therefore needed. READ MORE

  4. 4. Tumors associated with Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer: Defective Mismatch Repair and Familial Risk of Cancer

    Author : Kajsa Ericson Lindquist; Bröstcancer-genetik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; oncology; cancerology; Cytologi; onkologi; cancer; Multiple Tumors; Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer; Cytology; Cohort study; Population based; Familial Risk of Cancer; Immunohistochemistry; MSH2; MSH6; MLH1; Microsatellite Instability; Soft Tissue Sarcomas; Cancer of the Upper Urinary Tract; Cancer of the Small Intestine; Colorectal Cancer;

    Abstract : Inactivation of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system is a tumorigenic mechanism involved in 15-20% of tumor types such as colorectal and endometrial cancer and is specifically associated with the Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC) syndrome. These MMR defective tumors are characterized by microsatellite instability (MSI), a phenomenon that reflects alterations in length of repeated sequences, and 90% of MSI tumors show loss of immunohistochemical expression for the MMR protein affected. READ MORE

  5. 5. Cancer risk and predisposition in families with childhood cancer

    Author : Karl-Johan Stjernfelt; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cancer; Pediatric; Childhood Cancer; Heredity; Genetics; predisposition; Familial cancer;

    Abstract : BACKGROUND: Recent whole genome sequencing studies report that up to 6% of the childhood cancer population harbour a pathogenic variant. Identification of families with hereditary cancer may improve early detection of cancer as well as treatment outcome. READ MORE