Search for dissertations about: "Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 82 swedish dissertations containing the words Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap.

  1. 1. Primary Production in African Drylands : Quantifying Supply and Demand Using Earth Observation and Socio-ecological Data

    Author : Abdulhakim Abdi; Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Net Primary Production NPP ; Africa; Drylands; Coupled Human and Natural Systems; Human-Environment Relations; Food; Fuel; Feed; Earth Observation; Remote Sensing; Biomass; Carbon; Supply and Demand;

    Abstract : The human-environment connection in the mostly rural drylands of sub-Saharan Africa forms a complex, interlinked system that provides ecosystem services. This system is susceptible to climatic variability that impacts the supply of its products, and high population growth, which impacts the demand for these products. READ MORE

  2. 2. Spatial modelling and simulation for disease surveillance

    Author : Mohammadreza Rajabi; Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; GISgeografiska informationssystem; Agent Based Modeling; spatial epidemiology; machine learning;

    Abstract : This thesis addresses the application of spatial approaches to disease surveillance and control from three different aspects. First, temporal trends, geographical distribution and spatial pattern of cardiovascular disease admission rates were explored on a national level in Sweden. READ MORE

  3. 3. European ecosystems on a changing planet : Integrating climate change and land-use intensity data

    Author : Jan Hendrik Blanke; Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap; []
    Keywords : LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LPJ-GUESS; land-use intensity; climate change; carbon; nitrogen; ecosystem functions; trade-offs; vegetation;

    Abstract : Dynamic global vegetation models are mathematical models that provide a bottom-up description of plant communities. They explicitly model physiological and population-level processes such as growth, photosynthesis, carbon allocation, regeneration and mortality. READ MORE

  4. 4. Large-Scale Land Acquisitions as a Driver of Socio-Environmental Change : From the Pixel to the Globe

    Author : Emma Johansson; Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Land system sience; socio-environmental change; telecoupling; scale; co-production of knowledge; participatory art project; network science; blue and green water; Africa; Land grabbing; Remote sensing;

    Abstract : A major challenge of our time is to sustainably produce food and other goods for a growing global population, without putting additional pressures on land and water resources and local people’s quality of life. Large-scale agriculture has brought many benefits to humanity in terms of food production but has also caused multiple sustainability challenges, including land and water degradation, deforestation, and biodiversity loss in areas of production. READ MORE

  5. 5. Spatially Distributed Hydrological Modelling : Wetness Derived from Digital Elevation Models to Estimate Peatland Carbon

    Author : Abdulghani Hasan; Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; modelling hydrology; Digital elevation models; LiDAR data; topographic wetness index; GIS; permafrost; Stordalen; peatland;

    Abstract : To study the hydrology of peatlands and explore wetness distribution is difficultmainly due to the complexity of the surface of peatlands, and also due to the presence of permafrost underlain peatlands in the arctic regions. I have chosen the area called Stordalen mire in the arctic region in northern Sweden for my study. READ MORE