Search for dissertations about: "Insulin sensitivity"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 289 swedish dissertations containing the words Insulin sensitivity.

  1. 1. Insulin signalling in human adipocytes : mechanisms of insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes

    Author : Anna Danielsson; Peter Strålfors; Fredrik Nyström; Lena Stensson; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; adipocytes; type 2 diabetes; insulin; insulin resistance; insulin signalling; phosphorylation; insulin receptor substrate 1; feedback control; Medical cell biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Abstract : Prevalensen av fetma ökar drastiskt i stora delar av världen och utgör en stor riskfaktor för att utveckla insulinresistens och typ 2 diabetes. Fettväven kan bli mycket stor om för mycket energi tas upp av kroppen. READ MORE

  2. 2. Fat cell insulin resistance : an experimental study focusing on molecular mechanisms in type 2 diabetes

    Author : Frida Renström; Jan Eriksson; Anna Krook; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; adipocyte; insulin signaling; insulin; glucose; IRS-1; glucose uptake; insulin resistance; typ 2 diabetes; serum; Medicine; Medicin;

    Abstract : The aim of the present thesis was to further increase our understanding of mechanisms contributing to and maintaining cellular insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes (T2D). For this reason, the effects of high glucose and insulin levels on glucose transport capacity and insulin signaling, with emphasis on insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) were assessed in fat cells. READ MORE

  3. 3. Pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes -role of defects in insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity

    Author : Devjit Tripathy; Malmö Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; diabetology; Endokrinologi; sekretion; diabetologi; Endocrinology; secreting systems; Calpain 10 gene; genetics of type 2 diabetes; MODY; Endogenous glucose production; Disposition index; Botnia clamp; IGT; IFG; HOMA; insulin sensitivity; insulin secretion;

    Abstract : Type 2 diabetes is characterised by defects in insulin sensitivity, insulin secretion and increased endogenous glucose production. The relative contribution of each of these defects remains controversial. READ MORE

  4. 4. Insulin Polymorphism Crystallographic Characterization of Insulin Microcrystals

    Author : Mathias Norrman; Biokemi och Strukturbiologi; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Strukturkemi; Structure chemistry; biomatematik; protein crystallography; X-ray powder diffraction; Bioinformatics; medical informatics; microcrystals; Bioinformatik; Molekylär biofysik; Molecular biophysics; biomathematics biometrics; medicinsk informatik; insulin;

    Abstract : Insulin is a protein needed for the uptake of glucose from the circulating blood. In absence of sufficiently high insulin levels in the body or when the cells have a reduced sensitivity for insulin a disease state referred to as diabetes occurs. Treatment of diabetes generally requires daily injections of exogenous insulin. READ MORE

  5. 5. Body Composition in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes : Aspects of Glycaemic Control and Insulin Sensitivity

    Author : Stefan Särnblad; Jan Åman; Torsten Tuvemo; Jan Bolinder; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pediatrics; Type 1 diabetes mellitus; Adolescent; Body composition; Physical activity; Energy intake; Metformin; Insulin sensitivity; Pediatrik; Paediatric medicine; Pediatrisk medicin;

    Abstract : Excessive weight gain has frequently been reported in adolescents with type 1 diabetes, especially in girls. In general, puberty is associated with reduced insulin sensitivity that is further diminished by overweight. The causes and consequences of excessive weight gain in adolescents with type 1 diabetes are not fully understood. READ MORE