Search for dissertations about: "Intersection crashes"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 7 swedish dissertations containing the words Intersection crashes.

  1. 1. Characteristics of nearside car crashes : an integrated approach to side impact safety

    Author : Cecilia Sunnevång; Maria Krafft; Mats Lindkvist; Christer Hydén; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; side impact; WorldSID; thorax; injuries; side airbag; sidokollision; WorldSID; thorax; injuries; side airbag; biomechanics; biomekanik; Epidemiology; epidemiologi;

    Abstract : Introduction: Approximately 1.25 million people globally are killed in traffic accidents yearly. To achieve the UN Global Goal of a 50% reduction of fatal and serious injuries in 2020 a safer infrastructure, as well as new safety technologies, will be needed. Side crashes represent 20% of all serious and 25 % of fatal injuries. READ MORE

  2. 2. Pre-Crash and In-Crash Car Occupant Safety Assessment

    Author : Alexandros Leledakis; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Crash Configurations; Advanced Driver Assistance Systems ADAS ; Human Body Model; Crashworthiness; Intersection crashes; Occupant postures; Real-world safety;

    Abstract : Tens of millions are annually injured in Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) worldwide, while the estimated number of RTA fatalities amounted to 1.35 million in 2016. In Europe, car occupants hold the largest share (48%) of fatalities among all road users. The high fatality and injury numbers motivate the work of enhancing road traffic safety. READ MORE

  3. 3. Aggregating Case Studies of Vehicle Crashes by Means of Causation Charts: An Evaluation and Revision of the Driving Reliability and Error Analysis Method

    Author : Jesper Sandin; Per Lövsund; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; SOCIAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; vehicle dynamics; driver error; young drivers; rollover; pre-crash; fatigue; collision avoidance; slipperiness; Accident; Cause; Classification; Characteristics; Driver; Error; 81 Road: Accidents; 81 Road: Accidents; 841 Road: Road user behaviour; 841 Road: Road user behaviour;

    Abstract : There is a need for increased knowledge about causes of motor-vehicle crashes and their prevention. Multidisciplinary in-depth case studies can provide detailed causation data that is otherwise unattainable. Such data might allow the formulation of hypotheses of causes and causal relationships for further study. READ MORE

  4. 4. A Holistic Safety Benefit Assessment Framework for Heavy Goods Vehicles

    Author : Ron Schindler; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; heavy goods vehicle; Bayesian methods; Safety benefit assessment; crash data analysis; driver behaviour modelling;

    Abstract : In 2019, more than one million crashes occurred on European roads, resulting in almost 23,000 traffic fatalities. Although heavy goods vehicles (HGVs) were only involved in 4.4% of these crashes, their proportion in crashes with fatal outcomes was almost three times larger. READ MORE

  5. 5. Developing Theoretical and Empirical Definitions of Safety Problems in Driving Suitable for Active Safety Function Evaluation

    Author : Mikael Ljung Aust; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; avoidance; driver behaviour; pre-crash scenarios; crash causation; adaptation; motivation; conceptual framework; active safety functions;

    Abstract : In passive safety, the requirement specifications used for evaluation of protective functions are both standardised and specified at a high level of detail regarding evaluation scenario definition, performance metrics and pass/fail criteria. For active safety, while several propositions for evaluation scenarios have been made, neither these, nor performance metrics and pass/fail criteria have yet reached a similar level of detail and standardisation. READ MORE