Search for dissertations about: "Intestinal TRAUMA"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 16 swedish dissertations containing the words Intestinal TRAUMA.

  1. 1. On Lactobacillus plantarum 299v, bacterial translocation and intestinal permeability

    Author : Peter Mangell; Kirurgi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; bacterial translocation; permeability; intestinal microflora; Kirurgi; orthopaedics; P-selectin; ortopedi; traumatologi; leukocyte recruitment; Lactobacillus plantarum 299v; traumatology; Surgery; colon resection;

    Abstract : The gastrointestinal tract harbours a huge load of bacteria which exerts important biological functions to maintain health. In certain conditions the relation between commensal bacteria and pathogens may be set off balance, with an increase in number of pathogens and risk of bacterial translocation (BT). READ MORE

  2. 2. On Microvascular Inflammation and Intestinal Leakage in Radiation Enteropathy

    Author : Andrada Röme; Kirurgi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; radiation; colon; intestinal leakage; Leukocyte and platelet recruitment;

    Abstract : Gastrointestinal tract damage is an insidious feature in patients undergoing radiotherapy. Microvascular inflammation, including leukocyte and platelet recruitment as well as epithelial barrier dysfunction, are considered to constitute key components in the pathophysiology of radiation-induced enteropathy. READ MORE

  3. 3. Hyperbaric oxygen. Effects on ischemia-reperfusion

    Author : Johan Tjärnström; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : fibrinolysis; f-MLP; human; hyperbaric oxygen; neutrophils; normobaric; PAI-1; PMA; rat; t-PA; trauma; uPA;

    Abstract : Treatment with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) is controversial when treating other disorders than decompression sickness. However, HBO2 is a treatment modality that has gained recognition in certain ischemia-reperfusion situations. READ MORE

  4. 4. Growth and integrity of the small intestine in malnutrition and trauma

    Author : Michael Wirén; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : Glutamine; growth factors; intestinal mucosa; malnutrition; permeability; surgery; MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Abstract : The small intestine is an active metabolic organ constituting a functional and immunologic barrier to toxins and microbes in the intestinal lumen. Injuries are repaired by rapid cell replication, which depends on nutritional and humoral growth factors. Glutamine has been suggested to be the most important nutrient for the enterocytes. READ MORE

  5. 5. Intestinal ischemia and reperfusion. Proinflammatory response and organ dysfunction

    Author : Knut Olanders; Lund Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi; orthopaedics; Surgery; inflammation; cytokine; leukocyte; reperfusion; ischemia; permeability; Intestine; endothelium;

    Abstract : Intestinal I/R is considered to be an important initiating event in several pathophysiological conditions such as trauma, bleeding, sepsis and pancreatitis, frequently leading to concomitant both single and potentially multiple organ dysfunction. The purpose of this thesis was to study mechanims underlying the development of multiple organ dysfunction, with special focus on intercellular proinflammatory regulation in the concurrent development of tissue injury. READ MORE