Search for dissertations about: "Intima-Media Thickness"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 72 swedish dissertations containing the words Intima-Media Thickness.

  1. 1. Studies on arterial endothelial function and intima-media thickness using ultrasound technique

    Author : Morteza Rohani; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Ultrasound; atherosclerosis; flow mediated dilatation; endothelial function; carotid arteries; thoracic aorta; brachial artery; coronary artery disease; nicotine; snuff; prednisolone; rheumatoid arthritis;

    Abstract : Background: The development of ultrasonographic arterial imaging, high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography, has created a technical basis for a new diagnostic approach to atherosclerotic disease by offering the possibility of accurate and reproducible quantification of the structural and functional changes in the arterial wall. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) have been shown to be good surrogate markers of atherosclerosis. READ MORE

  2. 2. Cardiovascular structure and function in obesity. The impact of body composition, sleep apnea and sustained weight loss

    Author : Dimitris Kardassis; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : Obesity; weight loss; cardiac function; cardiac structure; inflammation; intima-media thickness; obstructive sleep apnoea;

    Abstract : Background: Obesity is associated with disturbances in cardiovascular structure and function varying along with the degree of fatness, but the mechanisms underlying this co-variation are unclear. Short-term weight loss appears to have favourable effects on the cardiovascular system, but whether such improvements are maintained in the long run is unknown. READ MORE

  3. 3. Cardiovascular Disease and Immune Mechanisms in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    Author : Dag Leonard; Lars Rönnblom; Gunnel Nordmark; Maija-Leena Eloranta; Søren Jacobsen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Systemic Lupus Erythematosus; Cardiovascular Disease; Intima-Media Thickness; STAT4; IRF8; Interferon-α; Plasmacytoid dendritic cell; GM-CSF; IL-3; Medicin; Medicine; Genetics; Genetik; Immunologi; Immunology;

    Abstract : Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune, inflammatory disease characterized by autoantibody production and an activated type I interferon system. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is as a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this thesis was to identify genetic risk factors for CVD in SLE. READ MORE

  4. 4. Influence of Herring (Clupea harengus) Intake on Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease

    Author : Helen Lindqvist; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Herring; cardiovascular disease; metabolic syndrome; overweight; intima media thickness; lipoproteins; n-3 fatty acids; antioxidants; fish;

    Abstract : This thesis describes four studies that investigated whether or not herring (Clupea harengus) intake decreases cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. It has previously been shown that fatty fish and fish oil intake decreases the risk of atherosclerosis and CVD. READ MORE

  5. 5. Imaging of subclinical atherosclerosis by B-mode ultrasound. Measurement reproducibility and assessment of atherosclerotic plaque occurrence, size and echogenicity in relation to cardiovascular disease

    Author : Caroline Schmidt; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : atherosclerosis; intima-media thickness; reproducibility; plaque; echogenicity;

    Abstract : Atherosclerosis is an insidious disease that in general has a very long clinical silent phase. This disease does not take place uniformly in the arterial tree, instead major sites for this disease process are the coronary arteries, carotid and cerebral arteries, aorta and the large arteries to the lower extremities. READ MORE