Search for dissertations about: "Lignocellulosic materials"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 80 swedish dissertations containing the words Lignocellulosic materials.

  1. 1. Effect of surface chemistry on wetting properties of lignocellulosic fibers

    Author : Max Östenson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Lignocellulosic fibers; ESCA XPS; tagging; surface chemistry; contact angle; surface modification;

    Abstract : .... READ MORE

  2. 2. Chemical Modification of Cellulose Fibres and Fibrils for Design of New Materials

    Author : Verónica López Durán; Lars Wågberg; Per A. Larsson; Akira Isogai; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; borohydride reduction; cellulose-based materials; chemical modification; chlorite oxidation; fibres; fibrils; periodate oxidation; TEMPO oxidation; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Abstract : Due to the growing interest in biobased materials in today’s society, where the need for a cyclic economy is obvious, there has been a huge increase in the  interest for using cellulose due to its excellent mechanical and chemical properties. However, the properties of cellulose have to be modified and improved in order to satisfy advanced material applications where the cellulose properties can be tuned to fit the properties of other components in composite mixtures. READ MORE

  3. 3. Modeling the mechanical performance of natural fiber composites

    Author : Erik Marklund; Luleå tekniska universitet; []

    Abstract : Due to environmental concerns the interest in use of renewable and recyclable materials has dramatically increased over the recent years. Wood and other lignocellulosic fiber reinforced polymers have large potential as structural materials due to the high specific stiffness, high specific strength and high aspect ratio of the fibers. READ MORE

  4. 4. Mild Steam Explosion of Wood and Forest Residues in the Perspective of a Materials Biorefinery

    Author : Joanna Wojtasz-Mucha; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Steam explosion; Forest residues; Pre-treatment; Soda cooking; Kraft cooking; Autohydrolysis; Biorefinery; Local properties; Hot water extraction;

    Abstract : The main objective of this work was to explore the prospects of using mild steam explosion as a pretreatment step in a forest based material biorefinery. During the steam explosion saturated steam is applied to the biomass at elevated pressure leading to an autohydrolysis of the lignocellulosic tissue, which is followed by a rapid pressure discharge, disintegrating and opening up the structure. READ MORE

  5. 5. Some factors affecting the amount of residual phase lignin during kraft pulping

    Author : Mikael E. Lindström; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Deligniflcation; Residual phase lignin; Hydrogensulfide ion; Hydroxide ion; Polysulfides; Ionic strength; Temperature; Lignin; Kraftpulping; Selectivity; viscosity; Kappa number; chemical degradation; Disproportionation; Cellulose and paper engineering; Cellulosa- och pappersteknik;

    Abstract : The amount of lignin which needs to be removed according to the slow residual delignification phase in kraft pulping, i e residual phase lignin, has been studied as a function of the process conditions. The variebles studied were the concentrations of hydroxide ions, hydrogensulfide ions, sodium ions (ionic strength) and temperature. READ MORE